We examine the role of gender in adoption and diffusion of orange sweet potato, a biofortified staple food crop being promoted as a strategy to increase dietary intakes of vitamin A among young children and adult women in Uganda. As an agricultural intervention with nutrition objectives, intrahousehold gender dynamics regarding decisions about crop choice and child feeding practices may play a role in adoption decisions. Also, most households access sweet potato vines through informal exchange, suggesting again that gender dimensions of networks may be important to diffusion of the crop.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2014Uganda
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2015Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa, Bangladesh, Kenya, Mali
In the context of increasing vulnerability to climate change for people dependent on natural resources for their livelihoods, the International Food Policy Research Institute and partner organizations in Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, and Bangladesh undertook a project broadly aiming to create knowledge that will help policymakers and development agencies to strengthen the capacity of male and female smallholder farmers and livestock keepers to manage climate-related risks.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2014India, Africa, Eastern Africa, Tanzania, Malawi, Mali
In this paper, the relationship of women’s individual and joint property ownership and the level of women’s input into household decisionmaking is explored with data from India, Mali, Malawi, and Tanzania. In the three African countries, women with individual landownership have greater input into household decisionmaking than women whose landownership is joint; both have more input than women who are not landowners.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2014Ethiopia
The capacity needs assessment (CNA) was conducted at three levels: at the policy process/enabling environment level, organizational level, and individual level. The assessment focused on the thematic issues related to (1) strategic policy analysis, (2) M&E, and (3) knowledge management and sharing. Thirteen organizations were covered in this assessment: government ministries, research organizations, universities, and professional associations.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2014Uganda, Eastern Africa
Human fertility is likely to affect agricultural production through its effect on the supply of agricultural labor. Using the fact that in traditional, patriarchal societies sons are often preferred to daughters, we isolated exogenous variation in the number of children born to a mother and related it to agricultural labor supply and production outcomes in Uganda—a country that combines a dominant agricultural sector with one of the highest fertility rates in the world. We found that fertility has a sizable negative effect on household labor allocation to subsistence agriculture.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2014Africa, Mozambique
This case study has been produced in response to a request made to the Evidence on Demand Helpdesk. The objective of the request was to provide a detailed case study on the evolution of land policy in Mozambique and provide the reader with insights into what is viewed as one of Africa’s most progressive land laws, recognising multiple forms of tenure.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2015Tanzania, Eastern Africa
Gender disparities continue to exist in women’s control, inheritance, and ownership of land in spite of legislation directing improvements in women’s land access. Women are often excluded from traditional patrilineal inheritance systems, often lack the legal know-how or enforcement mechanisms to ensure their property rights are maintained, and often lack initial capital or asset bases to purchase land through market mechanisms.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2014Malawi, Africa
Evidence exists which shows growing disillusionment with and disinterest in agricultural-based livelihoods among the youth in Africa south of the Sahara. This disillusionment raises concerns for the future of agriculture for the developing world as it can lead to higher rural urban migration, unemployment and lowered agricultural productivity. The engagement of youth in agricultural policy formulation processes is seen as one avenue for motivating youth engagement in agriculture.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsJanuary, 2015Eastern Africa, Ethiopia
The paper revisits seasonality by assessing how the quantity and quality of diets vary across agricultural seasons in rural and urban Ethiopia. Using unique nationally representative household level data for each month over one calendar year, we document seasonal fluctuations in household diets in terms of both the quantity of calories consumed and the number of different food groups consumed.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2015Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
This paper presents evidence on rural Ethiopian households’ time allocation to different activities, especially fuel collection work, and examines the effect of changes in the availability of firewood resources on households’ time allocation to fuel collection and on- and off-farm income generation.
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