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Showing items 1 through 9 of 69.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2011
    Eastern Africa

    The report considers the causes, processes and impacts of rangeland fragmentation on pastoralists in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. Causes and processes include privatisation of resources, commercial investment, invasion of land by non-native plants, commercialisation including growth in individual enclosures, and conservation/National Parks.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2005
    Tanzania

    This paper explores and analyses contemporary contests over land tenure in
    northern Tanzania’s village lands as they relate to wildlife management and land policy
    and legislation. It details the nature of the contests and conflicts, including their legal
    aspects, and further seeks to diagnose the underlying political economic reasons behind
    these endemic conflicts. It concludes by relating these underlying issues to the broader
    macroeconomic environment and efforts to improve the security of local land tenure in

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2007
    Tanzania

    Pastoralism has suffered untold abuses in the implementation of national policy and laws before in the incorporation of bills of rights in the constitution. These provisions allowed freedom of association that enable formation of CSOs and NGOs, some of which based their interventions into policies and legal issues that denied pastoralists of the rights to engage into livelihood processes through access to, management of, and benefit from land and resources entailed in them.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2009
    Tanzania

    A review of policies and interventions effecting pastoralists in Tanzania, including consequences on livelihoods, social relations and access to resources including land.

  5. Library Resource

    Issue Paper No. 146

    Reports & Research
    January, 2007
    Tanzania

    As with natural resource management reform processes elsewhere in East Africa, Tanzanian CWM has become highly contested terrain, both physically and conceptually. The linear, centrally-led, devolutionary reform processes that were conceptualised by donor and NGO supporters of CWM in the mid-1990s have not materialised. Rather, multi-faceted political and institutional conflicts over the control of valuable land and wildlife resources characterise CWM in Tanzania today.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2009
    Tanzania

    The land management practices of pastoralist Maasai communities have a major bearing on landscapes and wildlife habitats in northern Tanzania. Pastoralists manage lands according to locally devised rules designed to manage and conserve key resources such as pastures and water sources. Dry season grazing reserves are an important part of traditional land management systems in many pastoralist communities, providing a ‘grass bank’ for livestock to consume during the long dry season when forage invariably becomes scarce and domestic animals are stressed for water and nutrients.

  7. Library Resource

    Options for Land Use and Conflict Resolution in Loliondo Division, Ngorongoro District

    Reports & Research
    January, 2011
    Tanzania

    This report provides an overview of land use conflicts in Loliondo. According to the Village Land Act No. 5 1999, all land in Loliondo is classified as Village Land. However, there is spatial overlap of Village Lands and a Game Controlled Areas. Prior to 2009 GCAs had not bearing on land use or management; however the 2009 Wildlife Conservation Act prohibits farming and livestock grazing in GCA. This new Act poses a huge problem to pastoral commuinities. An economic summary provides a better understanding of initial revenue that could be generated from Loliondo.

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2011
    Eastern Africa

    Conservation business is booming in East Africa, but is threatened by major long term wildlife declines. Pastoralist rangelands are among the highest-earning and fastest-growing tourism destinations, but their populations have mean incomes and development indices consistently below national averages. Governments and conservation organisations see green development, often through community-based conservation (CBC), as building sustainable livelihoods and biodiversity conservation in EA rangelands.

  9. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2011
    Kenya

    A summary of IUCN's work with the Resource Advocacy Project and the communities of Garba Tula, in order to secure rights to resources and improve conservatin practices.

  10. Library Resource

    An assessment of Natural Resource Governance in Garba Tula, Northern Kenya

    Reports & Research
    January, 2011
    Kenya

    IUCN’s work in Garba Tula (GT) through this project has now been underway for almost two years, and to date a number of activities have been implemented in the area. This has included: sensitization and awareness raising of local community members; providing support to help strengthen the operations of the Resource Advocacy Programme (RAP – a local NGO working in the Garba Tula area); and supporting work carried out by RAP members to document traditional institutions and strategies for governing natural resources in the Garba Tula area.

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