While there are ample empirical studies that claim the potential disincentive effects of sharecropping arrangements, the existing literature is shallow in explaining why share tenancy contracts are prevalent and diffusing in many developing countries. Using a unique tenant-landlord matched dataset from the Tigray region of Ethiopia, we are able to show how the tenants’ strategic response to the varying economic and tenure-security status of the landlords can explain sharecroppers’ productivity differentials.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2013Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2011Uganda, Eastern Africa
Rapid growth of demand for agricultural land is putting pressure on property rights systems, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, where customary tenure systems have provided secure land access. Patterns of gradual, endogenous change toward formalization are being challenged by rapid and large-scale demands from outsiders. Little attention has focused on the gender dimensions of this transformation.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2013Eastern Africa, Western Africa, Southern Africa, Middle Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Southern Asia, Africa, Asia
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2012Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
There is growing interest in the role of policy reforms to promote gender equality and empower women, two key objectives of development policy. From a policy perspective, it would be ideal for reforms undertaken in different policy areas to be consistent, so that they reinforce each other in improving gender equity.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 1999Malawi
The paper uses the concept of credit limit to analyze the determinants of household access to and participation in informal and formal credit markets in Malawi. Households are found to be credit constrained, on average, both in the formal and informal sectors; they borrow, on average, less than half of any increase in their credit lines. Furthermore,they are not discouraged in their participation and borrowing decisions by further increases in the formal interest rate and/or the transaction costs associated with getting formal credit.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2004Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Kenya
Library ResourceReports & ResearchSouth Sudan
Land is of tremendous importance in South Sudan. It represents community, belonging and place as well as provides a source of income, subsistence and survival. Control of land and resources was at the centre of the conflict that lasted five decades, leading to South Sudan’s independence in 2011.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJune, 2012Ethiopia
Stakeholders' perceptions of
opportunities and constraints to sustainable land management
in Ethiopia was assessed through interviews and a review of
secondary data. Stakeholders included farmers as well as
representatives of development agencies, agricultural
organizations, donors, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs),
and agricultural research systems. Stakeholders generally
perceive that the numerous, well-intentioned but piecemeal
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2014Mozambique
Agriculture and fisheries are the main pillars of Mozambique's economy, having contributed in the last few years to more than 25 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) and around 7 to 11 percentage points of the rate of economic growth. Agricultural development in Mozambique has been part of the government agenda because it is crucial to reducing poverty within rural zones.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchFebruary, 2014Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Indonesia, Kenya, Nigeria, Philippines, Thailand, Uganda, Zambia
It is well recognized that secure land and property rights for all are essential to reducing poverty because they underpin economic development and social inclusion. Secure land tenure and property rights enable people in urban and rural areas to invest in improved homes and livelihoods. Although many countries have completely restructured their legal and regulatory framework related to land and they have tried to harmonize modern statutory law with customary ones, millions of people around the world still have insecure land tenure and property rights.
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