Animal production systems in South-East and east Asia are discussed in the context of their potential and challenges for research to address poverty alleviation, increased food production and food security and environmentally sustainable development. The projected human population increase, rising incomes and changing consumer preferences will accelerate the demand for, and access to food in the future. This will place considerable pressures on the use of natural resources (land, crops and animals).
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Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 1995Eastern Africa, South-Eastern Asia
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 1998Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
This paper presents and discusses the results of the IAR/ILRI (Institute of Agricultural Research/International Livestock Research Institute) Dairy-Draft Project study which was carried out to examine the performance of F1, Boran X Friesian crossbred cows both in terms of traction and milk, to examine the effects of crossbred dairy cows on food security, to quantify the economic returns of crossbred dairy cows on food security, to quantify the economic returns of crossbred dairy cows used for both traction and milk versus those used for milk production only, and to identify factors affectin
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 1990Kenya, Africa, Eastern Africa
Presents procedures for feed budgeting and allocation developed to access the quantity and quality of all feed components and to determine the production goals of each enterprise and allocates feed in relation to their requirements within the framework of overall feed supplies.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsJune, 2006Tanzania, Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Africa
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 1998Eastern Africa, Africa
Production performance of cows is an important factor which determines whether cows are adopted for draft power. Working cows could perform at higher levels of efficiency than oxen, but only if nutrient inputs are adequate to meet their greater requirements, and milk production and reproduction are kept at levels comparable to non-working cows. ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute) and the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) have reached different aspects of the use of dairy cows for draft work.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 1993Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
Using a linear programming model based on data from smallholdings in the Ethiopian highlands, this paper evaluates the farm level economic efficiency of cow traction and the traditional oxen-pair. Cow traction farm technology has the potential for increasing the net income of farmers at the existing levels of farmers' resources.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 1988Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
Outlines an economic evaluation of an improved surface drainage technology, using the broad-bed-maker (BBM) on-farm in four different vertisol areas of the Ethiopian highlands. Presents data on crops and number of areas covered for the on-farm drainage technology, on cost structure of the BBM, and on human and oxen labour input in traditional seed covering and the construction of the BBM.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsAugust, 1998Kenya, Africa, Eastern Africa
Data on water sources, mode of offer, watering frequency, amount of water offered, body weights and milk yield were collected from 21 randomly selected smallholder farms in Kiambu by means of farm visits and questionnaires fortnightly. Most farms (67%) had water on-farm but 76% of them needed labour to deliver the water to the animals. Fifty two percent of the farms practised continuous watering. Water troughs (67%) were mostly used to water dairy cattle.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 1996Africa, Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Southern Africa
The first part of this report comprises country reports that deals with epidemiology of ticks and tick-borne diseases in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The second part of the report covers topics on assessing the efficacy of immunization against tick-borne diseases, evaluating delivery systems for the control of tick-borne diseases and measuring the impact of immunization on livestock productivity. The paper ends with a discussion on coordination, collaboration and planning.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 1993Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Africa
The workshop papers deal with trends in smallholder livestock enterprises, research on smallholder dairy research programmes in subhumid areas, disease control approaches and production systems.