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Showing items 1 through 9 of 27.
  1. Library Resource
    July, 2013

    Unequal land distribution and the
    negative social and economic implications resulting from
    such polarization in Colombia have long been of concern to
    policymakers. A 1950 World Bank mission identified unequal
    land distribution as a key impediment to economic and social
    development in the country. Since then, a wide range of
    policies has been adopted to deal with this issue and its
    consequences. Numerous studies show that the success of

  2. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    Internal displacement in Colombia has
    become more prevalent and serious. Expulsion of land users
    to gain territorial control is increasingly a tactical
    element in the conflict. High land inequality makes it
    easier to uproot populations. Providing assistance to
    displaced populations does not reduce their propensity to
    return. Together with other measures, a land policy that
    increases tenure security for those at risk of displacement,

  3. Library Resource
    September, 2013

    Based on a large survey to compare the
    effectiveness of land markets and land reform in Colombia,
    the authors find that rental and sales markets were more
    effective in transferring land to poor but productive
    producers than was administrative land reform. The fact that
    land transactions were all of a short-term nature and that
    little land was transferred from very large to small land
    owners or the landless suggests that there may be scope for

  4. Library Resource
    January, 2015

    The growing use of Payments for
    Environmental Services (PES) for conservation has fostered a
    debate on its effectiveness, but the few efforts to date to
    assess the impact of PES programs have been hampered by lack
    of data, leading to very divergent results. This paper uses
    data from a PES mechanism implemented in Quindío, Colombia,
    to examine the impact of PES on land use change. Alone among
    all early PES initiatives, the Silvopastoral Project

  5. Library Resource
    December, 2014

    The effectiveness of conservation
    interventions such as Payments for Environmental Services
    (PES) is often evaluated, if it is evaluated at all, only at
    the completion of the intervention. Since gains achieved by
    the intervention may be lost after it ends, even apparently
    successful interventions may not result in long-term
    conservation benefits, a problem known as that of
    permanence. This paper uses a unique dataset to examine the

  6. Library Resource
    April, 2016

    The WBG’s Colombia Systematic Country
    Diagnostic (SCD) analyzed key constraints and opportunities
    that will impact Colombia’s development in the context of
    three defining country characteristics. They include uneven
    territorial development, a long standing armed conflict and
    a growth process led by extractive industries. The Colombia
    Country Partnership Framework (CPF) proposes to address
    these complex development challenges with a flexible,

  7. Library Resource
    November, 2015

    Colombia has made impressive strides in
    reducing poverty and promoting shared prosperity during the
    last decade. Extreme poverty fell from 17.7 percent in 2002
    to 8.1 percent in 2014, while total poverty (including
    moderate poverty) fell from 49.7 percent in 2002 to 29.5
    percent in 2014. The decline implies that 6.2 million people
    left poverty in the period. The multidimensional poverty
    rate, which takes into account education, health, labor,

  8. Library Resource
    February, 2016

    The purpose of this note is to provide
    policy recommendations to improve access to credit of rural
    populations and small agricultural producers under
    financially sustainable schemes. Although the agricultural
    sector remains an important source of employment,
    agricultural credit is a small fraction of commercial credit
    in Colombia. The share of agricultural credit in Colombia is
    below levels observed in other countries in the region.

  9. Library Resource
    January, 2015

    Despite considerable progress in the
    area of environmental management over the last decade,
    Colombia still faces significant impacts from population
    exposure to urban air pollution, inadequate access to water
    supply and sanitation, and indoor air pollution from solid
    fuel use. This study estimates that the total health cost
    attributable to these three factors amounts to about 10.2
    trillion Colombian Pesos (COP) annually, or about 2 percent

  10. Library Resource
    December, 2012

    The efficiency and productivity of
    Colombia's urban system will be a key determinant in
    the ability of the country to transition from a middle
    income to a higher-income economy. Colombia, as with most
    Latin American countries, has experienced positive growth
    rates in the past few years, mitigating the potential
    adverse impacts of the global financial crisis. High
    commodity prices as well as improvements in macroeconomic

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