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Showing items 1 through 9 of 27.
  1. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2004
    Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

    The overall objectives of the study were to collect and analyse LUP methodologies in the 4 countries and to assess the experiences and lessons learned during implementation. The comparative assessment would include land use planning approaches at various levels, ranging from participatory village level LUP activities to the elaboration of land use master plans at provincial or even regional level. Finally, recommendations were to be formulated for the countries as well as for the sub-region as a whole.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2004
    Cambodia

    The study describes the experiences of Kompong Phluk, a Khmer community that has been attempting to protect its flood forests and fishing grounds for the past fifty years. The authors examine how the community, assisted by the FAO project, has developed a resource management organization, formulated rules and regulations, sought government approval, and designed a comprehensive resource management plan. The report also details some of the challenges and issues that they have faced in the process.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2004
    Laos

    The legal framework for land use planning and land allocation (LUP/LA) in Lao PDR has been analysed based on the relevant laws (Land Law, Forest Law, Agricultural Law etc.). A national LUP/LA program under the overall responsibility of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry has been created in 1996. Until 2003, district agricultural and forestry staff have conducted LUP/LA activities in a total of 5400 villages in all provinces of Lao PDR. It is estimated that approximately 300.000 Temporary Land Use Certificates have been issued as a result of LUP/LA.

  4. Library Resource

    history, farmer practice, and impacts

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2004
    Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Kenya

    This case study explores the development, dissemination, adoption, and impact of improved tree fallows in rural western Kenya. The processes of technology development and dissemination throughout the region are described and analyzed. To analyze adoption and impact, the paper applies a variety of different data collection methods as well as samples from both pilot areas where researchers maintained a significant presence and non-pilot areas where farmers learned of the technologies through other channels.

  5. Library Resource

    DISCUSSION OF ISSUES AND FINDINGS

    Reports & Research
    January, 2004
    Africa, South Africa

    Globally, the conservation and tourism sector is being enthusiastically promoted as one of the key mechanisms to catalyze rural local economic development. This is particularly relevant in South Africa where tourism is considered an important sector for Black Economic Empowerment and community development. However, there is increasing concern that the impact of tourism and conservation on local communities is not always beneficial and can include a range of negative livelihoods consequences.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2004
    Guatemala, Latin America and the Caribbean

    Poverty in Guatemala is high and deep. In 2000, over half of all Guatemalans lived in poverty. About 16 percent lived in extreme poverty. Available evidence suggests that poverty in Guatemala is higher than in other Central American countries. Although poverty has fallen over the past decade, its trend recently declined due to a series of economic shocks during 2001 and 2002. The drop of poverty incidence since 1990 is slightly slower than what would have been predicted given Guatemala's growth rates, suggesting that growth has not been particularly pro-poor.

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    February, 2004
    Myanmar

    Abstract:
    "This paper looks at the case of Myanmar in order to investigate the behavior and welfare of
    rural households in an economy under transition from a planned to a market system. Myanmar's
    case is particularly interesting because of the country's unique attempt to preserve a policy of
    intervention in land transactions and marketing institutions. A sample household survey that we
    conducted in 2001, covering more than 500 households in eight villages with diverse

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    August, 2004
    Myanmar

    This report describes the current situation faced by rural Karen villagers in Toungoo District (known as Taw Oo in Karen). Toungoo District is the northernmost district of Karen State, sharing borders with Karenni (Kayah) State to the east, Pegu (Bago) Division to the west, and Shan State to the north. To the south Toungoo District shares borders with the Karen districts of Nyaunglebin (Kler Lweh Htoo) and Papun (Mutraw).

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