Land rights have become highly contested in Vietnam in recent years. Vietnam‟s land endowment is one of the lowest in the world: each agricultural household holds, on average, less than 0.5 hectare. Access to land is critical to social and economic development in the future. The national priority on “industrialization and modernization” has placed new demands on agricultural and forest land for urban-industrial expansion. The high level of public concern over land tenure and its links to political and social stability have led to widespread calls for revision of the 2003 Land Law.
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Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsDecember, 2013Vietnam
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2013Cambodia
A presentation on the effects of the 3-S hydropower development on water access, available land resources and impacts on food production. Presenters describe the 3-S river hydropower dam and its impacts, the importance of affected fisheries to Cambodia, and provide an overview of their research on the Tonle Sap. Presented at the Water‐Food Security in Cambodia conference, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, December 2‐3, 2013.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsDecember, 2009Cambodia
Access to land empowered by law is a crucial issue for sustainable development of a modern, prosperous Cambodia where the social and ecological responsibilities are well developed and embedded in a State Land Management. The State is the main actor in the land sector and has to guarantee State public property which cannot be transformed into private property. Cambodia shows still a high rural poverty rate, land concentration and anarchy in illegal land possession, illegal claim of State land and protected areas as privately owned and unlawful logging.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsDecember, 2002Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Myanmar, Vietnam
Summary report, recommendations and text of the "Bangkok Declaration" the total land area of the Asia and the Pacific region is 3,001 million ha or 22.9 percent of the world’s land area. However, adverse soils, climate and topographic factors limit the possibilities for sustainable agricultural production in about 86 percent of the region.Examines the constraints facing Asian countries in developing agriculture, sharing resources and obtaining food security in the face of climate change and other difficulties.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2015Myanmar
PUBLISHER'S DESCRIPTION: An exclusive new analysis reveals that the Government of Myanmar has allocated at least 5.2 million acres and plans to allocate another 11 million acres of Southeast Asia’s last remaining biodiversity-rich high-value forests to make way for large-scale, private agribusiness projects that often never materialize. Many of these forest areas overlap with historical land claims made by Myanmar’s ethnic minority groups who will now permanently lose their land, further enflaming decades-old armed conflicts with the national government.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2014Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
The type of agrarian structure employed to produce tropical commodities affects many dimensions of land use, such as ownership inequality, overlapping land rights and conflicts, and land use changes. I conduct a literature review of historical changes in agrarian structures of commodities grown on the upland frontier of mainland Southeast and South Asia, using a case study approach, of tea, rubber, oil palm and cassava.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2014Cambodia
Rural change in Cambodia manifests itself in rapidly declining land availability for the smallholder sector, posing the question of how farmers may be able to deal with limited access to land. In this paper, we discuss with a case study village and household livelihood strategies of smallholders currently operating under land-constrained conditions. Based on an integrated assessment of a smallholder village in Kampot province, we illustrate in quantitative terms how land shortage is creating problems of surplus generation and liquidity issues in monetary and non-monetary flows.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2014Vietnam
The Government of Vietnam has identified the conversion of forests to plantations of industrial crops such as rubber as one of the five drivers of deforestation and degradation in the country. Presently, Vietnam is actively participating in various international initiatives such as the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) and Forest Law Enforcement, Governance, and Trade (FLEGT) programmes.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2014Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
This briefing note presents the findings of seven case studies conducted from May to June 2014. The studies were conducted in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Nepal and Thailand and looked into the livelihood and food security among indigenous shifting cultivation communities in South and Southeast Asia. The briefing note provides a summary of the main findings of the case studies and the common recommendations from a multi-stakeholders consultation held August 28-29 in Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2012Cambodia
Most of the land reforms of recent decades have followed an approach of “formalization and capitalization” of individual land titles (de Soto 2000). However, within the privatization agenda, benefits of unimproved land (such as land rents and value capture) are reaped privately by well-organized actors, whereas the costs of valorization (e.g., infrastructure) or opportunity costs of land use changes are shifted onto poorly organized groups. Consequences of capitalization and formalization include rent seeking and land grabbing.