In this paper the author analyze the link between spatial agglomeration, spatial disparities and political governance with an emphasis on the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The agglomeration index and the urban-rural consumption ratio are used respectively as a measurement of spatial agglomeration and spatial disparities. The author distinguishes two aspects of political governance: political rights and political stability.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsApril, 2011Western Asia, Northern Africa
Library ResourceJanuary, 2003Kenya, Burkina Faso, Morocco, South Africa, Mali, China, Mauritania, India, Senegal, Sudan, Niger, Oceania, Western Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Northern Africa, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia
With an estimated 40 percent of people in Africa, South America and Asia living in drylands, land degradation poses a significant threat to food security and survival. This report looks at the relationship between gender and dryland management based on an analysis of field experiences in Africa and Asia. Highlighting the roles of women and men in dryland areas for food security, land conservation/desertification, and the conservation of biodiversity, it makes available key findings on a number of projects and programs in the regions.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2007Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Yemen, Turkey, Somalia, Jordan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Djibouti, Sudan, Lebanon, Western Asia, Northern Africa
Poverty in the Near East and North Africa region (NENA) is mainly a rural phenomenon. Almost half (48%) the area’s population lives in rural areas. This report focuses on key rural poverty issues in 13 diverse countries in the region, without attempting to propose policy or programme actions at national or local levels. Overall, the rural poor still face traditional constraints such as water scarcity, inadequate rural infrastructure, inappropriate policies and institutions, weak local-level organisations and gender inequity.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2016Algeria, Ethiopia
Population growth leads to growing land scarcity and landlessness in poor agrarian economies. Many of these also face severe climate risks that may increase in the future. Tenure security is important for food security in such countries and at the same time threatened by social instability that further accelerate rural-urban and international migration. Provision of secure property rights with low-cost methods that create investment incentives can lead to land use intensification and improved food security.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsSeptember, 2018Mozambique, Burundi, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Myanmar, Cameroon, Colombia, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Sudan, Pakistan, Niger, Malawi
Land, fisheries, forests and other natural resources provide a basis for livelihoods and social, cultural and religious practices. However, most people in rural areas in developing countries do not have any form of documentation to protect their land and natural resources rights, which puts their livelihoods and consequently their food and nutrition security are at risk. Secure tenure rights promote responsible investment in agriculture that could increase productivity and enhance food security and nutrition.
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