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Library ResourceDecember, 2017Kenya, Eastern Africa, Africa
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, Burundi, Tanzania, Africa, Eastern Africa, Middle Africa
Food security entails having sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet dietary needs. The need to optimise nitrogen (N) use for nutrition security while minimising environmental risks in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is overdue. Challenges related to managing N use in SSA can be associated with both insufficient use and excessive loss, and thus the continent must address the ‘too little’ and ‘too much’ paradox. Too little N is used in food production (80% of countries have N deficiencies), which has led to chronic food insecurity and malnutrition.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2017Uganda, Africa, Eastern Africa
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsOctober, 2017Tanzania, Uganda, Africa, Eastern Africa
Better soil health can increase agricultural productivity. Restoration activities can build on-farm resilience and contribute to climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Land and soil health surveys can improve crop modeling predictions under various climate scenarios and guide more targeted interventions.
Currently, most assessments of land and soil health do not consider the social, ecological, and biophysical constraints, or acknowledge the variations in the landscape.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Ethiopia, Africa
Development partners and public investors assume that spate irrigation reduces household poverty and malnutrition. This article examines whether the poverty profiles of smallholder farmers and the nutritional outcomes of their children have improved as a result of using spate irrigation. The study areas were in two regional states in Ethiopia. Twenty-five users each, both from traditional and modern spate irrigation schemes, and an equal number of non-users responded to a structured questionnaire.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Tanzania, Africa, Eastern Africa
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Mozambique, Southern Africa, Africa
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Zambia, Africa, Southern Africa
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2017Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
The agriculture sector is the backbone of Ethiopia’s economy and livelihoods. Yet, heavy reliance on rain-fed systems has made the sector particularly vulnerable to variability in rainfall and temperature. Climate change may decrease national gross domestic product (GDP) by 8–10% by 2050, but adaptation action in agriculture could cut climate shock-related losses by half. • Climate risk management interventions and long-term adaptation actions need to match localized vulnerabilities and impacts.
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