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Showing items 1 through 9 of 17.
  1. Library Resource
    April, 2012
    Albania

    Albania's radical farmland
    distribution is credited with averting an economic crisis
    and social unrest during the transition. But many believe it
    led to a holding structure too fragmented to be efficient,
    and that public efforts to consolidate plots are needed to
    lay the foundation for greater rural productivity. This
    paper uses farm-level data from the 2005 Albania Living
    Standards Measurement Survey to explore this quantitatively.

  2. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    Land markets that allow access to
    land-and to buildings-through secure property rights, at
    transparent prices, and with efficient permitting processes
    and land tax systems are essential to a good business
    environment. Creating such markets, however, can be a long,
    complex, politically charged process, especially where most
    land is untitled and where there are conflicting claims. But
    experience points to practical interim or step solutions

  3. Library Resource
    December, 2012
    Vanuatu

    The regionally unique constitution of
    the Republic of Vanuatu provides that-all land in Vanuatu
    belongs to custom owners and their descendants and that
    the-rule of custom shall form the basis of ownership and use
    of land. Implementing this principle, however, after decades
    of land alienation by foreigners using alien laws has proven
    to be challenging. Concerns over actual and perceived
    problems of land alienation through leasing in Vanuatu

  4. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

    Land reform can broadly be divided into
    land tenure reform-the establishment of secure and
    formalized property rights in land-and land
    redistribution-the transfer of land from large to small
    farmers. The paper is therefore divided into two chapters.
    The first chapter gives a short narrative of some of the key
    land tenure and land policy issues. While these issues
    remain politically sensitive, there is a solid consensus

  5. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Thailand

    In the 1980s the Thai government tried to legalize squatters by issuing special titles that restricted the sale and rental of the land. Using data from 2,874 farming households collected in 1997, the author finds that in places where these government titles where issued, leased plots are more likely to be titled than those that are self-cultivated. For these areas, he uses a model to estimate a 6 percent risk premium in the rental rate for untitled plots.

  6. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    The project initially focused on
    building upon the 1998 Registration Law to develop
    registration procedures, and on getting the Legislative
    Reform Office (LROs) up and running. Cost, affordability,
    and quality of services were important considerations. The
    Project benefited from the country's high education
    levels and relatively low labor costs. Since independence in
    1991, the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic has sought to

  7. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Ethiopia

    Although many African countries have
    recently adopted highly innovative and pro-poor land laws,
    lack of implementation thwarts their potentially
    far-reaching impact on productivity, poverty reduction, and
    governance. The authors use a representative household
    survey from Ethiopia where, over a short period,
    certificates to more than 20 million plots were issued to
    describe the certification process, explore its incidence

  8. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    This paper analyzes land transactions
    between municipalities and private businesses based on
    official data and business surveys in 15 regions of the
    Russian Federation. Since the Russian Federation passed the
    new Land Code in 2001, land privatization has been
    officially encouraged by the federal government and in
    particular, land under previously privatized buildings was
    supposed to be privatized to the owner at a nominal price.

  9. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    China

    This paper is motivated by the emphasis
    on secure property rights as a determinant of economic
    development in recent literature. The authors use village
    and household level information from about 800 villages
    throughout China to explore whether legal reform increased
    protection of land rights against unauthorized reallocation
    or expropriation with below-average compensation by the
    state. The analysis provides nation-wide evidence on a

  10. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Uganda

    Mixed evidence on the impact of formal title in much of Africa is often used to question the relevance of dealing with land policy issues in this continent. The authors use data from Uganda to assess the impact of a disaggregated set of rights on investment, productivity, and land values, and to test the hypothesis that individuals' lack of knowledge of the new law reduces their tenure security. Results point toward strong and positive effects of greater tenure security and transferability.

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