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  1. Library Resource

    The World Bank Open Knowledge Repository

    April, 2014

    The six case studies in this book were prepared as background studies for a synthesis report on land administration and reform in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Collectively they cover two main areas of land governance: reforms in redistributing agricultural land; and reforms in land administration. The problems in land ownership inequality and poor land administration are defined and the question of why reforms are necessary is addressed. The first two case studies focus on reforms in redistributing agricultural land in Malawi and South Africa.

  2. Library Resource
    November, 2015

    Botswana has been one of the worlds
    fastest growing economies over the past 50 years, allowing
    the country to move from being among the poorest to upper
    middle income status - this has had the effect of pulling
    the majority of the population out of poverty. While
    Botswana is rightly praised for its management of resource
    wealth, it is apparent that the high levels of investment by
    government (in health, education, and infrastructure) are

  3. Library Resource
    April, 2012

    Albania's radical farmland
    distribution is credited with averting an economic crisis
    and social unrest during the transition. But many believe it
    led to a holding structure too fragmented to be efficient,
    and that public efforts to consolidate plots are needed to
    lay the foundation for greater rural productivity. This
    paper uses farm-level data from the 2005 Albania Living
    Standards Measurement Survey to explore this quantitatively.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    May, 2012

    The policy reforms called for in the
    transition from a socialist command economy to a developing
    market economy bring both opportunities and risks to a
    country's citizens. In poor economies, the initial
    focus of reform efforts is naturally the rural sector, which
    is where one finds the bulk of the population and almost all
    the poor. Economic development will typically entail moving
    many rural households out of farming into more remunerative

  5. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    Land is the integrating component of all
    livelihoods depending on farm, forest, rangeland, or water
    (rivers, lakes, coastal marine) habitats. Due to varying
    political, social, and economic factors, the heavy use of
    natural resources to supply a rapidly growing global
    population and economy has resulted in the unintended
    mismanagement and degradation of land and ecosystems. This
    book provides strategic focus to the implementation of

  6. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    This book examines issues at the
    forefront of the debate on land law reform, pays particular
    attention to how reform options affect the poor and
    disadvantaged, and recommends strategies for alleviating
    poverty more effectively through land law reform. It reviews
    the role of the World Bank in land law reform, examining
    issues of process as well as substance. It also identifies
    key challenges and directions, and stresses the need to

  7. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    To implement the vision of fostering
    economic development, social equity, and a transparent and
    effective government, the Government of Liberia has outlined
    key transitions that need to be accomplished. These include
    the development of infrastructure (roads, electricity),
    schools, job creation and transition from war, civil
    conflict and social polarization to a well functioning
    society in which economic opportunities are fostered and

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    June, 2007

    The purpose of this report is to review
    and assess Afghanistan's legal framework regulating
    social safeguards (national and local laws, regulations,
    procedures and policies) with special reference to the law
    and practice of compulsory land acquisition, or
    expropriation. The overall objective of the report is to
    consider how Afghanistan's legal framework would
    address social safeguard issues in upcoming World Bank

  9. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    Municipal land sales provide one option for financing urban infrastructure investment. In countries where land is owned by the public sector, land is by far the most valuable asset on the municipal balance sheet. Selling land or long-term leasing rights to land use while investing the proceeds in infrastructure facilities can be viewed as a type of portfolio asset adjustment. This paper shows that in China many municipalities have financed more than half of their high rates of infrastructure investment from land sales, for periods of 10 to 15 years.

  10. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    This note recounts that by the early
    2000s, the Government of Mexico and the Secretariat of
    Agrarian Reform, in particular, had come to see investment
    in "the more dynamic young segment of the population
    endowed with more human capital" as the key to
    revitalizing the moribund rural economy of the
    country's social sector. Approaching this objective
    programmatically would entail establishing a land fund from

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