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Showing items 1 through 9 of 872.
  1. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    This paper concerns an NGO intervention in agricultural commodity markets known as Fairtrade. Fairtrade pays producers a minimum unit price and provides capacity building support to member cooperative organizations. Fairtrade's organizational capacity support targets those factors believed to reduce the commodity producer's share of returns. Specifically, Fairtrade justifies its intervention in markets like coffee by claiming that market power and a lack of capacity in producer organizations 'marks down' the prices producers receive.

  2. Library Resource
    April, 2014

    Pakistan experienced severe flooding
    after torrential monsoon rains hit southern Sindh and the
    adjoining areas of Punjab and north-eastern Balochistan in
    August 2011. Flash floods triggered by the monsoon rain
    caused severe damage to infrastructure in the affected
    areas. Entire villages and urban centers have been flooded,
    homes have been destroyed, and over a million acres of crops
    and agricultural lands have been damaged. A Damage and Needs

  3. Library Resource
    March, 2012

    The theme of the 2011 Philippines
    development report is 'generating inclusive growth,
    uplifting the poor and vulnerable'. This theme is
    follows from the priorities set in President Aquino's
    Social Contract and the emerging 2011-2016 Philippines
    Development Plan (PDP). The PDP details the vision of
    inclusive growth and poverty reduction that underlies the
    social contract (chapter one). Accordingly, the PDP focuses

  4. Library Resource
    June, 2014

    This paper documents a significant
    impact of climate variation on urbanization in Sub-Saharan
    Africa, primarily in more arid countries. By lowering farm
    incomes, reduced moisture availability encourages migration
    to nearby cities, while wetter conditions slow migration.
    The paper also provides evidence for rural-urban income
    links. In countries with a larger industrial base, reduced
    moisture shrinks the agricultural sector and raises total

  5. Library Resource
    April, 2016

    This paper presents the conceptual framework for a training program on
    integrating disaster risk reduction and climate-change mitigation into
    Agriculture and Rural Development Department (ARD) programming. Its
    target audience consists of World Bank task team leaders and their national
    counterparts and partners working in agriculture and rural settings.

  6. Library Resource
    February, 2014

    In Africa, farmers have been reluctant
    to take up new varieties of staple crops developed to boost
    smallholder yields and rural incomes. Low fertilizer use is
    often mentioned as a proximate cause, but some believe the
    problem originates with incomplete input markets. As a
    remedy, African governments have introduced technology
    adoption programs with fertilizer subsidies as a core
    component. Still, the links between market performance and

  7. Library Resource
    May, 2014

    This paper analyzes the available
    literature about the effects of structural adjustment
    programs (SAPs) on the environment and the convincing
    evidence for their success or failure. The studies covered
    refer to the SAPs by the World Bank as well as to general
    government programs that have similar policy implications.
    SAPs are designed to reform economies to become more
    liberalized and export-oriented while reducing the role of

  8. Library Resource

    Lessons Learned in Agriculture, Agribusiness, Sustainable Rural Development, and Climate Change

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2012

    This IFC SmartBook is a compilation of sixteen IFC SmartLessons that presents practical lessons learned by staff from across the IFC and the World Bank on approaches for engaging in agriculture that have led to success. Agribusiness is a crucial economic sector, for food security of course, for managing water stress and ecosystem services, but also as a source of employment in emerging markets. The report includes the following lessons.

  9. Library Resource
    March, 2016

    Rice is the world’s most heavily
    consumed staple crop. Its production requires enormous
    volumes of water and emits large quantities of atmospheric
    methane, a greenhouse gas some many times more powerful than
    carbon dioxide - particularly during a medium term period of
    about seven years. In a global context of growing
    population, increasingly scarce water resources, and climate
    change, more productive, sustainable, and efficient rice

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