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Showing items 1 through 9 of 10.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2009
    Colombia

    Colombia, apoyado en la hipótesis de que el comercio internacional es la fuente principal de crecimiento económico y de modernización institucional, opta por la exportación de productos agropecuarios en los que tiene ventajas comparativas. La política agraria en el modelo neoliberal (años 1990) se ha orientado a dichos propósitos. Este artículo se propone demostrar que dicha política, ha fortalecido la producción empresarial de cultivos tropicales en detrimento de la producción campesina.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2009
    Global

    The world food crisis has spurred foreign direct investments (FDI) into arable land in developing countries. While significant financial inflows into agricultural sectors could be beneficial on a global scale, it could negatively affect local livelihoods. This article provides an overview of the different types of FDI in land. In addition, examples of investment flows are illustrated in an overview and a sustainable impact matrix outlines the occurring effects. Finally, requirements of avoiding negative effects are presented, to achieve a Pareto-efficient win-win situation.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2009
    India

    Water is scarce in India's semiarid zones of Rajasthan. Climate change is putting additional pressure on the rare resources. Irregular or no rainfall forces many small farmers to abandon their fields, at least temporarily, and seek work in the towns. Participative water management projects as practiced in Bhipur village, growing crops with low water requirements and more sustainable farming practices are adaptation strategies that allow farmers to continue their activities despite climate risks.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    June, 2009

    This 2010-12 MTP presents relatively few adjustments to research plans from the previous MTP. One main cross-cutting change in the ILRI research program in 2010 will be to accelerate efforts to align research activities to the livestock development challenges presented. In preparation for that, ILRI is conducting a center-commissioned external review in 2009 looking at research into sustainable intensification of smallholder crop-livestock systems to provide a review of past activities and advice on this future focal area.

  5. Library Resource

    Study on Community Land Rights in Niassa Province, Mozambique

    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2009
    Mozambique

    The main aim of this study was to assess, within the context of the Malonda Programme
    in Niassa Province, the implementation of community consultations and negotiations as
    well as the delimitation and demarcation of community land. These activities had been
    carried out within the context of requests from several investors concerning the Right to
    Use and Exploit Land (Portuguese acronym DUAT, Direito de Uso e Aproveitamento
    de Terra), in order to create extensive commercial forest plantations in Niassa. The

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    July, 2009
    Mozambique

    In Mozambique, the debate on agrofuels has steadily advanced over the last five years, fueled by industry speculation and demand, grand promises and foreign interests. Investors have applied for rights to close to 5 million hectares in Mozambique in 2007 alone, nearly one-seventh of the country’s officially defined “arable” land and is rushing to create favorable conditions for investors at the cost of civil rights of Mozambicans.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2009
    Global

    A team of German and Spanish scientists has genetically modified a maize plant in a way that markedly increases the level of three vitamins in the maize kernels. The level of betacarotene, the precursor to vitamin A, was raised by a factor of 169, the level of vitamin C increased six-fold and the level of folic acid, a vitamin of the B group, doubled.

  8. Library Resource
    Cover photo
    Conference Papers & Reports
    June, 2009
    Tanzania

    Land use conflicts are common phenomena in Tanzania and the world at large. One major reason before going to specific cases hinges on the fact that land does not expand while people and other living organizations that depend on it keeps on increasing on the early surface. This un matching ratio between land as basic resources for livelihoods and its users constantly results into land use conflicts.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2009
    South Africa

    Poverty in rural households have deepened in the past two years through world events: unprecedented rises in food and fuel prices were followed by global economic meltdown, all amidst growing climate uncertainty. Balancing water availability within and across growing seasons, water harvesting helps to buffer households against drought. Research on water harvesting in South Africa has focused on rural household livelihoods. Innovative results on appropriate water harvesting technologies and food security facilitation techniques are now being implemented in villages across South Africa.

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