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Showing items 1 through 9 of 22.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 1998
    Zimbabwe, Africa

    The comparative effects on GDP and household incomes associated with various pathways of agricultural growth in Zimbabwe are investigated, based on SAM (social accounting matrix) multiplier analysis. Among the five growth paths considered, the smallholder road to agricultural development yields the largest increase in national income. It benefits smallholder households the most, but the income gains to the two other low-income household groups are lower compared to those arising from the four other agricultural growth paths.

  2. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 1998
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

    This paper presents and discusses the results of the IAR/ILRI (Institute of Agricultural Research/International Livestock Research Institute) Dairy-Draft Project study which was carried out to examine the performance of F1, Boran X Friesian crossbred cows both in terms of traction and milk, to examine the effects of crossbred dairy cows on food security, to quantify the economic returns of crossbred dairy cows on food security, to quantify the economic returns of crossbred dairy cows used for both traction and milk versus those used for milk production only, and to identify factors affectin

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 1999
    Mozambique, Africa

    Undernutrition of children 0-60 months old in Mozambique is much higher in rural than in urban areas. Food security is about the same, although substantial regional differences exist. Given these outcomes, we hypothesized that the determinants of food security and nutritional status in rural and urban areas of Mozambique would differ as well. Yet we find that the determinants of food insecurity and malnutrition, and the magnitudes of their effects, are very nearly the same.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 1999
    Mozambique

    Cash transfer programs are rare in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper describes the evolution of a cash transfer program in major urban centers of Mozambique, from its inception in 1990 through two major reorganizations until October 1998. Appropriate design, strong multisectoral political support and adequate administrative capacity are critical factors determining the success of such programs.

  5. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 1999
    Malawi

    The paper uses the concept of credit limit to analyze the determinants of household access to and participation in informal and formal credit markets in Malawi. Households are found to be credit constrained, on average, both in the formal and informal sectors; they borrow, on average, less than half of any increase in their credit lines. Furthermore,they are not discouraged in their participation and borrowing decisions by further increases in the formal interest rate and/or the transaction costs associated with getting formal credit.

  6. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 1998
    Eastern Africa, Africa

    Production performance of cows is an important factor which determines whether cows are adopted for draft power. Working cows could perform at higher levels of efficiency than oxen, but only if nutrient inputs are adequate to meet their greater requirements, and milk production and reproduction are kept at levels comparable to non-working cows. ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute) and the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) have reached different aspects of the use of dairy cows for draft work.

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 1998
    Zimbabwe, Africa

    Using an agriculture-focused CGE model for Zimbabwe with 1991 as base period, this paper examines quantitatively the income and equity effects of trade liberalization in isolation and in conjunction with potentially complementary changes in fiscal and land policies. Trade policy reform alone (dismantling of import and foreign exchange controls, and reduction of import taxes to a low uniform rate) is shown to increase aggregate disposable household income significantly.

  8. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    August, 1998
    Kenya, Africa, Eastern Africa

    Data on water sources, mode of offer, watering frequency, amount of water offered, body weights and milk yield were collected from 21 randomly selected smallholder farms in Kiambu by means of farm visits and questionnaires fortnightly. Most farms (67%) had water on-farm but 76% of them needed labour to deliver the water to the animals. Fifty two percent of the farms practised continuous watering. Water troughs (67%) were mostly used to water dairy cattle.

  9. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 1998
    Kenya

    A study on factors affecting honey production and indigenous knowledge of the Kibwezi Communities
    in honey production was conducted using formal and informal interviews by questionnaires between January and
    Sepicmber, 199). Honey plants were determined using pollen analysis, field observation and indigenous
    knowledge. Botanical composition of trees and shrubs in unsettled University of Nairobi site and adjacent settled
    area was determined and data ana lysed for density: frequency: diversity. similarity and dissimilarity indices.

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