Under current market circumstances and those predictable in the near future, further increasing agricultural production seems to be rather groundless. By utilisingagro-ecological conditions more efficiently, one eighth of Hungary’s gasoline demand could be satisfied from maize production, without considerably decreasing current agricultural production for human and animal consumption. For realisation of biofuel programmes a relatively stable socio-economic environment is essential.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2008Hungary
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJuly, 2018Russia
Since the 1990s, many peatlands that were drained for peat extraction and agriculture in Russia have been abandoned with high CO2 emissions and frequent fires, such as the enormous fires around Moscow in 2010. The fire hazard in these peatlands can be reduced through peatland rewetting and wetland restoration, so monitoring peatland status is essential. However, large expanses, poor accessibility, and fast plant succession pose as challenges for monitoring these areas without satellite images.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJuly, 2018Slovakia
The main aim of this study is to assess the benefits provided by the ecosystems of traditional agricultural landscapes (TAL) and compare them to the outputs of large-scale agriculture. Assessment of ecosystem services (ES) was performed in four case-study areas situated in Slovakia, representing different types of TAL: Viticultural landscape, meadow–pasture landscape, and agricultural landscape with dispersed settlements and mosaics of orchards. The methodological approach was focused on assessment of all the principal types of ES—regulation and maintenance, provisioning, and cultural.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksNovember, 2018Serbia, Nepal, France, North Macedonia, Nigeria, Kenya, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Ethiopia, China, Cameroon, Tanzania, Bulgaria, Spain, India, South Sudan, Sudan, Pakistan, Niger, Eritrea, Mongolia
In many countries, pastoralism has historically been practiced in areas that are now partitioned by international boundaries. This is a major barrier to sustainable resource management and to pastoral development. However, there are examples from around the world of efforts to facilitate transboundary movements and transboundary ecosystem management by pastoralists. This report examines how pastoral mobility has been impacted by the creation of unnatural boundaries within their landscapes and how societies cope with these constraints through legal or informal arrangements.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJune, 2016Russia, Kazakhstan
The current state was studied and main trends of land use development under the influence of changing climate and anthropogenous influence were revealed. The spatial structure, direction and features of regional development of agricultural production in new market conditions of Russia and Kazakhstan was estimated. Creation of agroforestal complexes which have to become a necessary component when forming the profitable country farms located discretely in primordially treeless territories and applying resource-saving technologies was offered for its optimization.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJuly, 2019Romania
This paper shows how the slow process of forestland restitution, which is unfolding in Romania since 1991 has eroded the threads of sustainable forest management by an insidious institutional amnesia (IA). The four symptoms of this harmful process (frequent reorganization, transition from paperwork to electronic media, fewer people motivated to join public services, and popularity of radical changes) were analyzed from the legal standing point as well as from practitioners’ perspective.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2006Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Croatia, Turkey, Bulgaria, Estonia, Ireland, Malta, Italy, Cyprus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Albania, Montenegro, Poland, Latvia, Romania, Czech Republic, Europe
EU membership has profound implications for all parts of a country’s economy, as well as for its relationships with the other countries in Europe and its internal political structures. Members of the EU must be democracies governed by the rule of law and which guarantee human rights. They must have functioning market economies able to withstand the competitive pressures that EU membership brings, and governmental structures capable of discharging the wide range of obligations imposed on EU Member States.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2015Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Croatia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Moldova, Albania, Montenegro, Poland, Russia, Germany, Georgia, Romania, Czech Republic, Eastern Europe
This paper reviews the experiences of introducing land consolidation and land banking instruments in Central and Eastern Europe, largely to address the structural problems of small and fragmented farms. The introduction has been uneven with some countries having established operational programmes while others have taken steps with differing levels of success, and a few have not taken action. The paper assesses the driving factors for the introduction and the approaches used in individual countries.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2009France, North Macedonia, Belgium, Azerbaijan, Germany, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Pakistan, Nepal, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Moldova, Albania, Romania, Poland, India, Russia, Georgia, Armenia
This publication describes the experience of a number of transition countries in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union with crafting regulatory frameworks for irrigation water users’ organizations. It also seeks to distil a number of key regulatory requirements. As a result, this study serves as a design/drafting manual for policymakers and for drafters of legislation on water users’ organizations.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2012Burkina Faso, Bangladesh, Mauritius, Belize, Zambia, Mozambique, Fiji, China, Indonesia, Eswatini, Canada, Sierra Leone, Seychelles, Nepal, Cyprus, Uganda, Albania, Italy, Botswana, Poland, Papua New Guinea, Africa, Americas
This publication aims to provide practical guidance for population and housing census and agricultural census planners looking to implement a cost-effective census strategy by coordinating the population and housing census with the agricultural census.