Smallholder irrigation expansion would signi cantly increase agricultural production, and reduce food insecurity and poverty levels in East Africa. This paper reviews literature on trends, constraints and opportunities of smallholder irrigation in four East African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Irrigation development has been slow in these countries, and has been mainly through traditional schemes.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJune, 2018
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2000
The trend is inescapable: more and more people in the developing world are living in the cities. By 2020, the number of people living in developing countries will grow from 4.9 billion to 6.8 billion. Ninety percent of this increase will be in rapidly expanding cities and towns. More than half the population of Africa and Asia will live in urban areas by 2020. More than three-quarters of Latin Americans already do.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 1998
The growth of agriculture output over the past 200 years has been phenomenal. When Malthus wrote in 1798, he perceived limits on agricultural production as serious and imminent. Since then world population has increased by six-fold and global agricultural production has more than kept pace. Falling real grain prices for most of the 20th Century are cited as evidence. The sources of the increase in food production, however, have been quite different and have come in distinct waves. For most of the 19th century, increased output came from expanded land area in production.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2017Northern Africa, Western Asia
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2011
This paper provides an overview of major groundwater issues for Sub-Saharan Africa, with an assessment of their policy implications in terms of potential development and appropriate management. In terms of construction time, capital outlay and drought resilience, groundwater is the preferred source to meet most water-supply demands, despite hydro geological complexity, natural constraints on water well yields and quality, and institutional weaknesses.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2008South-Eastern Asia
"Contract farming is conventionally thought of as a form of industrial organization that helps to overcome high monitoring, supervision, and environmental mitigation costs incurred from ensuring a reliable and uniform-quality supply (from the standpoint of integrators) and high capital and small-scale input and service purchase costs (from the standpoint of individual farmers). But contract farming is also a private sector vertical coordination response to the changing demand for certifying the use of quality inputs to produce quality outputs and of safe production procedures.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksFebruary, 2019Qatar, Bangladesh, Honduras, United States of America, Germany, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Jordan, Tanzania, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Netherlands, Iraq, China, India, Iran, Philippines, Nicaragua, Italy, United Arab Emirates, Malta, Brazil, Global
Water - Source of food security. World Food Day: 16 October 2002.<p></p>Water and food security are intimately connected. Many of the over 800 million people in the world who still go hungry live in water-scarce regions. When FAO launched its Special Programme for Food Security in 1994, it was well aware that limited access to water was often a major constraint to increasing food production.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsApril, 2011Western Asia, Northern Africa
In this paper the author analyze the link between spatial agglomeration, spatial disparities and political governance with an emphasis on the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The agglomeration index and the urban-rural consumption ratio are used respectively as a measurement of spatial agglomeration and spatial disparities. The author distinguishes two aspects of political governance: political rights and political stability.
Library ResourceRegulationsTogo, Africa, Western Africa
Le présent décret définit l'organisation des départements ministériels et détermine les institutions et organismes qui leur sont rattachés.Ce sont notamment, entre autres, le Ministère de la santé; le Ministère de l'eau, de l'assainissement et de l'hydraulique villageoise; le Ministère de l'administration territoriale, de la décentralisation et des collectivités locales; le Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'élevage et de la pêche; le Ministère de l'environnement et de ressources forestières; le Ministère du commerce et de la promotion du secteur privé; le Ministère de l'urbanisme et de l'hab
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2018India
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