A Constituent Assembly drafted the constitution before it was approved by voters in a referendum. It came into force when published in The Monitor.
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Library ResourceConstitutionDecember, 1987Haiti
Library ResourceConstitutionDecember, 1987Nicaragua
A Constituent National Assembly drafted and promulgated the constitution.
Translated by Max Planck Institute
Library ResourceConstitutionDecember, 1987Philippines
A Constitutional Commission drafted the constitution and its ratification was proclaimed by the President following a public referendum.
Library ResourceConstitutionDecember, 1987Suriname
The constitution was drafted by the National Assembly which approved it following a plebiscite. It was then ratified by the President.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 1987Africa
Earlier (1950s - early 1970s) development planning in African countries was essentially perceived and conceived as macro-economic planning. This perception placed overriding emphasis on the projection and maximization of national economic aggregates such as the GDP, the GNP per capita income, level of employment, stability of price levels etc. as sole measures of economic development performance.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsJanuary, 1987Africa
La planification du développement dans les pays africains était au départ(années 50 - début des années 70) perdue et conçue essentiellement comme une planification macro-économique. Cette perception mettait essentiellement l'accent sur la projection et la maximisation des agrégats économiques nationaux tels que le PIB, le PNB, le revenu par habitant, le niveau de l'emploi, la stabilité des
niveaux de prix comme seuls moyens de mesurer le développement économique.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 1987Africa
The basic cause of needless poverty and hunger in the rural Africa to-day is the stagnation of its main economic base - agriculture. It has settled down to a low level of equilibrium of income, saving and investment over time. Hence, most of the rural people of the region is caught in a vicious circle of a poverty trap. They are below the "absolute poverty line". The country studies show all of them are food-deficit.
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