This paper highlights that fact that Egypt is one of the most vulnerable countries to the impacts of climate change.
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Library ResourceJanuary, 2004Egypt, Western Asia, Northern Africa
Library ResourceJanuary, 2004Bhutan, Southern Asia
Bhutan is a mountainous landlocked country with a varying climate and rich biodiversity. Despite significant economic progress being made over recent years Bhutan remains a least developed nation with constraints and vulnerabilities adversely affecting its capacity to cope with climate change.The authors recognise that Bhutan’s vulnerability is heightened by low economic strength, inadequate infrastructure, lack of institutional capacity and an agro-based rural economy. Impacts of climate change will have significant implications for the overall development of Bhutan.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2004Myanmar
The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of marketing reforms implemented in the late 1980s in Myanmar. Particular emphasis is placed on the impact of the reform on the rural economy and its participants, namely farmers, landless laborers and marketing intermediaries. The reform had a positive effect on all these participants through the creation of employment opportunities and increased income.
Library ResourceConstitutionDecember, 2004Afghanistan
The Afghan National Assembly (Loya Jirga) approved the constitution before it was formally signed by transitional president Hamid Karzai.
Library ResourceConstitutionDecember, 2004Mozambique
The constitution was approved by the National Assembly.
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesNovember, 2004Global
In recent years, issues of access to land and natural resources have been of growing concern to developing country governments and donors. Much evolution in experience and thinking has taken place over this period, with several multilateral and bilateral donors drawing up new policy papers on land.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2004
Recent food security crises in Africa have revived the debate on whether current land tenure systems constrain farmer innovation and investment in agriculture. Both direct and indirect linkages between land tenure and food security have been suggested. This study aims for a better understanding of these linkages.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2004Africa
This report is the first in a series of research studies that the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) will produce with a view to improving the understanding of the links between land tenure systems and sustainable development in Africa. In a continent where 80 percent of the population relies on agriculture for their livelihood, the formulation and implementation of appropriate land policies is a paramount factor in poverty reduction strategies. Research is therefore needed to help policymakers take learned decisions when addressing land tenure issues.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJuly, 2004China
China is a socialist country and all land in China belongs to Chinese citizens as a whole. Article 10 of the 1982 Constitution upholds the Chinese land policy that reflects the traditional view of socialism - land of the country must be owned by the country (State) or its agricultural Collectives. State-owned enterprises or other organizations, which cannot own land themselves, may use land with permission from the State.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2004
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