Defenders of Indigenous land in Malaysia are targeted, singled out and face opposition from state authorities and private individuals when they speak up. These abuses have further disenfranchised Indigenous communities in Malaysia, marginalising them socially and harming them economically. The report examines the struggles human rights defenders of Indigenous peoples have endured as they have sought to claim their right to Indigenous lands, and the steps that should be taken by the government to ensure that they are given the protection they deserve.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2018Malaysia
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2012Kenya
Fiscal instruments are tools that governments use to manage revenue and expenditure and therefore influence the growth (or stability) of the various sectors of the economy. Government revenue is derived primarily through taxation. In Kenya, land taxation has contributed less than 1% of government revenue for the past three years. The Sessional Paper No.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJuly, 2014Uganda
Uganda’s northern region was traditionally inhabited by communities with predominantly pastoral lifestyles. As the country began developing administrative structures in the region, most clans found themselves settled into agro-pastoral communities. The elders found it imperative to demarcate areas of land to fit different uses, with areas for family settlement and cultivation clearly separated from other areas for communal use. Land was either demarcated by the leaders of a particular settlement or by the dominant clan for the benefit of everyone else in that area.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2015Uganda
Well before the effective ending of the protracted Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)
insurgency in northern Uganda in July 2006, and at a time when the entire rural
population was displaced into camps, concerns had emerged around land, in particular
in the Acholi sub-region, where the war had been most intense and longest lasting
(Adoko & Levine 2004). Through forced displacement, almost all rural Acholi
families has been prevented from occupying their land for many years, years in which
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksReports & ResearchJuly, 2012Kenya
In Kenya, insecure land tenure and inequitable access to land and natural resources have contributed to conflict and violence, which has in return exacerbated food insecurity. Most farmers in Kenya have no legal title for the land on which they farm. Sources of tenure insecurity can be ethnic conflicts over land between neighbouring communities, particularly in the Northern provinces, expropriation by the state or local government and land grabbing by local elite or companies. Competition is as well growing over water, especially over groundwater, which is scarce in Kenya.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2011Uganda
Conflict associated with land has increased substantially following the return of peace to the Acholi Region with the return of internally displaced people (IDP), population growth, and increases in the value of land. The area is heavily dependent on agriculture and conflict related to land access seriously threatens to undermine development and the social, political and economic stability of the Acholi Region. This study involved community members, key informants, and statutory and traditional leaders in three sub counties in each of the seven Acholi districts.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJanuary, 2019Malaysia
Although the Orang Asli are the original, indigenous peoples of Peninsular Malaysia, they have been largely excluded from the country’s economic growth of recent decades. Rather than protect this marginalized community, state officials and private agencies regularly exploit the Orang Asli and their ancestral lands. Given that many of the Orang Asli’s prevailing challenges stem from their lack of customary land ownership, systemic change must come from the legislative level.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2020South America
Construimos una lectura sudamericana sobre el acceso a la tierra y territorio
Library ResourceReports & ResearchFebruary, 2017Peru
Una de las principales demandas de los pueblos indígenas es el reconocimiento y seguridad jurídica de sus territorios. En Perú se realiza a través del otorgamiento de títulos a comunidades nativas, política que se viene dando desde la década de los setenta, pero que a la fecha no ha culminado, existiendo todavía una demanda considerable de comunidades nativas por titular.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchAugust, 2014India
This report comprises of a comprehensive assessment of the status of land governance in the Indian state of Odisha, by using the World Bank’s Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF) during 2013-1014. This report presents its findings. The assessment was taken up in nine distinct thematic areas of land governance as envisaged in the LGAF.
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