The purpose of this document is to promote a dialogue about land issues between FAO and its member countries, indigenous peoples, the Permanent Forum and other interested organizations. It outlines a number of basic principles of a methodological approach for indigenous peoples’ territorial recognition, starting from the consideration that a simple legal recognition is often not sufficient to improve living conditions for these communities. A more open reflection on the delicate theme of ‘development’ is also promoted and sought.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2012Angola, Mozambique, Honduras, Philippines, Chile, Australia, Ecuador, Brazil, India, Guinea, Guyana, Costa Rica, Colombia, Panama
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2006Burkina Faso, Benin, Nigeria, Belgium, Rwanda, Mali, Zimbabwe, Eswatini, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Ethiopia, Niger, Cameroon, Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Lesotho, Uganda, Italy, Tanzania, Botswana, France, Africa
Across rural Africa, land legislation struggles to be properly implemented, and most resource users gain access to land on the basis of local land tenure systems.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2011Bangladesh, United States of America, Afghanistan, China, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Australia, Laos, United Kingdom, Guinea, Republic of Korea, Thailand, Nepal, Pakistan, Yemen, Philippines, Singapore, Vietnam, Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Japan, India, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Mongolia, Asia, Oceania
Land Tenure Working Paper 20. This paper presents an analysis of communal tenure and its role for natural resource management system, in different contexts of selected Asian countries. The current market driven pressures on natural resources create both challenges and opportunities for communities and governments to use and strengthen communal tenure in order to promote sustainable management of some natural resources.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsNovember, 2016
Ill-regulated land acquisition and unilateral land concessions may often trigger forced relocations, conflicts and human rights abuses. This course introduces the concept of Free, Prior and Informed Consent that indigenous people and small family farmers can use to protect their customary or traditional land rights. The process ensures that communities can participate in decision-making processes and that their concerns, priorities and preferences are accommodated in any project affecting their lands, territories and resources.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2006Nepal, Laos, Mozambique, Zambia, Kyrgyzstan, Guatemala, China, Cambodia, India, Ethiopia, Mongolia, New Zealand, Asia
This paper represents part of an area of work in support of enhancing access to land and forest resources in support of rural livelihoods in Mongolia. . This synthesis report draws on field studies undertaken recently in five rural areas of Mongolia, covering all ecological zones from montane and northern taiga forest to arid forest in the Gobi. Our findings document and explain, with case studies and documentation from participatory analysis, the downward cycle of resource depletion and descend into poverty that is in action.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 1998France, United States of America, Sweden, Peru, Indonesia, Bolivia, Canada, Guinea, Cameroon, Thailand, New Zealand, Nepal, Philippines, South Africa, Malaysia, Italy, Papua New Guinea, United Kingdom, Norway, Suriname, Africa
The Government of South Africa has a major holding of forest land, with a total estate covering 892,000 ha of forest and associated land. Within the state's forest holding there is a wide diversity of forest and land types including: commercial plantations and other afforested land; indigenous forests; legally protected (indigenous) forest areas; and associated bare land. This land is partly owned by the state and partly held on behalf of local communities, some of whom also have existing rights to use the forest land for various purposes.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2014New Zealand, Italy, Oceania
This is a Māori/Ngati Porou-led PES scheme that makes use of government afforestation subsidies and foreign direct investment to enable one of the tribe’s commercial bodies, Ngāti Porou Whanui Forests Limited (NPWFL) to become a provider of environmental services by undertaking afforestation activities to mitigate severe soil erosion and its negative effects on the Ngāti Porou community.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJuly, 2018Mozambique, Burkina Faso, Bangladesh, Honduras, Philippines, South Africa, Italy, Iran, Argentina, India, Niger
In developed and developing countries all over the world, farmers and indigenous and local communities have traditional knowledge, expertise, skills and practices related to food security and to food and agricultural production and diversity. Since its creation in 1945, FAO has recognized the significant contributions these make to food and agriculture, and the relevance of on-farm/in situ and ex situ conservation of genetic resources for food and agriculture.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2015Italy
Consistent with its mandate to pursue a world free from hunger and malnutrition, the following “FAO Policy on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples” has been formulated so as to ensure that FAO will make all due efforts to respect, include and promote indigenous issues in relevant work.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2010Italy
Indigenous peoples1 must be considered an undeniable stakeholder in a development agenda shaped by such a mandate. Recent estimates indicate that although indigenous peoples make up approximately 5 percent of the world’s total population, they comprise about 15 percent of the global poor.2 The adversities faced by indigenous peoples have grown in the last few decades, but so too have the recognition of and appreciation for their potential contributions to sustainable development and natural resources management.
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