Administration of land in Tanzania is more decentralized from the president to the village level. The law gives power to village councils and village assemblies to administer village land. The District authorities are given advisory and supervisory mandates over villages and represent the commissioner who takes overall administrative powers. Despite decentralization, institutions responsible for land administration, land have continued to be cause of many conflicts for years. Conflicts have been escalating and lead loss of lives and property.
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Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2017Tanzania
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2017Tanzania
In this communiqué, the undersigned Non-State Actors (civil society,pastoralist, research, private, farmers’ unions and other stakeholders) champion a call to action and outline recommendations on livestock policy advocacy strategies that take into consideration the unique conditions and opportunities of the livestock sector development in Tanzania.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksApril, 2017Burkina Faso, Africa, Western Africa
The fire severity of the 2013–2014 fire season within Sudanian ecosystems in Burkina Faso was evaluated from Landsat 8 images using derivatives of the Normalized Burn Ratio algorithm (NBR). The relationship between the image-derived severity and the field observed severity i.e. Composite Burn Index (CBI) was best described by a nonlinear model of the form y = a + b*EXP(CBI *c) (R2 = 0.66). Classification of the image-derived burned area into burn severity classes achieved a classification Kappa accuracy statistic of 0.56.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2017Cameroon, Africa, Western Africa
In Cameroon, rangelands occupy about 20 % of surface area; provide critical habitat to many animal and
plant species; offer many vital goods and services to society and are home to pastoralists, agropastoralists,
crop farmers, fishermen and hunter-gatherers, who for centuries co-existed peacefully. In
recent years this harmony is being threatened by changing land use patterns, poor land use planning and
poor recognition of ownership rights. Despite efforts by state and non-state actors to improve pastoral
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMarch, 2017Sub-Saharan Africa
Sustainable intensification (SI) is at the forefront of food security discussions as a means to meet the growing demand for agricultural production while conserving land and other resources. A broader definition of SI is emerging that takes into account the human condition, nutrition and social equity. Next steps require identification of indicators and associated metrics, to track progress, assess tradeoffs and identify synergies. Through a systematic, qualitative review of the literature we identified SI indicators, with a primary focus on African smallholder farming systems.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2017Eastern Africa, Tanzania, Southern Africa
In pastoral societies women face many challenges. Some describe these as a ‘double burden’ – that is, as pastoralists and as women. However, pastoral women may obtain a significant degree of protection from customary law even if customary institutions are male-dominated. In periods of change (economic, social, political), this protection may be lost, and without protection from statutory laws, women are in danger of “falling between two stools” (Adoko and Levine 2009).
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2017Burkina Faso, Africa, Western Africa
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMarch, 2017Kenya
Kenya’s Vision 2030 aims at transforming the country into a newly industrialized middle income country
and infrastructural development is high on the agenda to achieve this. Competing land uses and existing
interests in land make the use of eminent domain by government in acquiring land inevitable. However
most of the land earmarked for compulsory acquisition comprises of un- registered land whose interests
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