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Showing items 1 through 9 of 227.
  1. Library Resource

    Impactos del Extractivismo y la Expansión Turística

    Reports & Research
    May, 2017
    Honduras

    Este informe expone dos casos de conflictos por procesos de desposesión territorial. El primero aborda la dramática situación que viven los habitantes de la comunidad garífuna de Barra Vieja, en el litoral atlántico hondureño, contra quienes el Estado ha desatado una persecución judicial feroz.

  2. Library Resource
    Terra Brasilis
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2017
    South America, Brazil

    O objetivo do artigo é compreender o período entre 1822 e 1850 como um momento da história brasileira em que se instituiu simultaneamente a absolutização da propriedade privada da terra e a legalização jurídica da grilagem de terra. O processo de monopolização das terras brasileiras que se realizou na primeira metade do século XIX reproduziu a grilagem como forma e conteúdo central da formação territorial do Brasil.

  3. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    June, 2017
    Burkina Faso

    Burkina Faso is working hard to emerge from the large-scale political and social upheaval that characterized the 18 months following the popular uprising that resulted in the resignation of President Blaise Compaoré in October 2014. In view of the presidential and legislative elections held in November 2015, and the largely successful municipal elections in May 2016, the country appears to have reached a positive turning point, although governing institutions remain in transition and fragile.

  4. Library Resource
    etnografica
    Journal Articles & Books
    May, 2017
    South America, Brazil, French Guiana

    Este artigo trata das dinâmicas contemporâneas da comunicação interétnica entre povos indígenas e o universo de atores e discursos ambientalistas no Brasil. A etnografia do contexto local de comunidades que vivem na terra indígena Jacamim, situada em Roraima, na fronteira com a Guiana, apresenta diferentes posicionamentos indígenas quanto às discussões sobre o conceito de “meio ambiente”. O objetivo é refletir sobre a ideia de “dialogia” que parece marcar as políticas indígenas do conhecimento diante das práticas hegemônicas de comensuração.

  5. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    May, 2017
    United States of America

    This article examines the seminal 1992 United States Supreme Court decision, Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council, 1 specifically focusing on the Lucas nuisance exception. I surveyed approximately 1,600 reported regulatory takings cases decided since the Lucas decision involving Lucas takings challenges. I identified the statutory nuisance cases in which state and local governments unsuccessfully asserted the Lucas nuisance exception as a defense to the courts' findings of a Lucas taking.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    May, 2017
    Eastern Africa

    Land degradation is a serious impediment to improving rural livelihoods in Eastern Africa. This paper identifies major land degradation patterns and causes, and analyzes the determinants of sustainable land management (SLM) in three countries (Ethiopia, Malawi and Tanzania). The results show that land degradation hotspots cover about 51%, 41%, 23% and 23% of the terrestrial areas in Tanzania, Malawi and Ethiopia respectively.

  7. Library Resource
    Institutional & promotional materials
    May, 2017
    Haiti

    Cette réunion du CTFD consacrée à la situation foncière haïtienne, s’inscrit dans la continuité du programme  “Cadastre et sécurisation foncière” qui a été mis en oeuvre de 2010 à 2016 avec l’appui technique et financier de la France (MEAE et AFD), et du « Programme de sécurité foncière en milieu rural – Phase I » de la Banque interaméricaine de développement (BID).

  8. Library Resource
    Manual for the open fiscal
    Manuals & Guidelines
    June, 2017
    Global

    This manual has been developed for training purposes. It models the gas value chain from the upstream project to the use of gas under the form of LPG, LNG or as feedstock for local industrial or power generation uses. It allows users to assess different LNG structures that can be considered when producing LNG (see section 2 for an explanation of each structure). It provides various fiscal regime options for the upstream and mid-stream sectors to understand the impacts of changes on the government take and the private sector returns.

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