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Showing items 1 through 9 of 1005.
  1. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    May, 2006
    Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia

    In the Mediterranean mountain areas of NW Syria, land degradation is a serious problem (Masri et al, 2005). Olive orchards dominate the landscape in Afrin area, and olive oil represents the most important cash income source for rural communities in this area. However, olive yields in many orchards have been decreasing steadily over the last 20 years. Low return to labour has resulted in livelihood insecurity, increased reliance on off-farm labour, and out-migration.

  2. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    May, 2006
    Tunisia, Northern Africa

    During the last two decades, the Tunisian government has engaged in a vast program for the conservation and mobilization of natural resources. In the Jeffara region, which encompasses the study site, huge works for soil and water conservation (water harvesting) have been implemented whose immediate effects are visible but their efficiency in both the short and the long term need to be assessed and evaluated in detail (De Graaff J. and Ouessar M., 2002).

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    November, 2006
    Jordan, Western Asia

    This report describes the use of improved methodologies developed for identifying water-harvesting sites. It also provides general guidelines for determining site potential in relation to various parameters. The approach integrates multi-disciplinary knowledge, use of GIS, and verification in the field to develop and test a methodology to identify watersheds with specific characteristics – in this case, watersheds most suited to project activities within the Jordanian Badia.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    August, 2006
    Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia

    This report presents descriptive statistics derived from the survey data. It simply describes the situation in the
    Badia in spring 2005. Further ecological and economical analyses and conclusions will be reported in
    another document.

  5. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    September, 2006
    Thailand, South-Eastern Asia

    The objective of this research was to assess the multiple effects of land-use change in a high populated steepland environment on land degradation processes and farmers' coping strategies. A case study was conducted at Pakha Sukcay village (located in Thailand's northern most Chiang Rai province). Erosion processes were monitored during a period of 3 years, and informal interviews were conducted to elucidate farmers' opinions.

  6. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    February, 2006
    Global

    This volume contains the presentations made at the Eighth International Conference on Dryland
    Development. It is hoped that it will serve as a repository of information on the problems and prospects of
    sustainable management of dry areas and preventing desertification, and will thus be of interest to those
    involved in research, extension, development and policy formulation for the benefit of the people of the dry areas. It is our belief it would serve as an important contribution to the objectives of the IYDD.

  7. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    May, 2006
    Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia

    The aim of this paper is to contribute to a more holistic understanding of farmers’ decision making process for innovations in soil conservation. In this study, farmers’ decision making has been explored in the context of a mountainous olive growing area in northwest Syria, where evidences of land degradation are widespread.

  8. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    November, 2006
    Morocco, Tunisia, Northern Africa

    A tragedy of the commons is unfolding in the rangelands of West Asia and North Africa (WANA), where land is either public or collectively owned. Overgrazing under this land tenure has led to severe land degradation and soil erosion. Poverty and environmental degradation are intertwined in this low-rainfall region, where more than 38 million people live in rural areas and depend mainly on agriculture. Traditional rangeland grazing provides fodder in winter and spring, while in summer and autumn the animals browse cereal stubble and other crop residues.

  9. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    November, 2006
    Global

    The year 2005 was an important milestone in the efforts of ICARDA and its partners in meeting the global challenges of agriculture in dry areas through the application of science. In an assessment of all 15 CGIAR Centers (based on science quality and relevance, impacts, partnerships, and financial and institutional health), conducted by the CGIAR in collaboration with the Science Council and the World Bank, ICARDA was rated outstanding" - one of only two centers to receive this rating.

  10. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    March, 2006
    Kenya

    This book exposes the key land use and environmental problems facing Kenya today due to lack of an appropriate national land use policy. The publication details how the air is increasingly being polluted, the water systems are diminishing in quantity and deteriorating in quality. The desertification process threatens the land and its cover. The soils are being eroded leading to siltation of the ocean and lakes. The forests are being depleted with impunity thus destroying the water catchments.

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