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Showing items 1 through 9 of 18.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    Global

    The role of urban agriculture in global food security is a topic of increasing discussion. Existing research on urban and peri-urban agriculture consists largely of case studies that frequently use disparate definitions of urban and peri-urban agriculture depending on the local context and study objectives. This lack of consistency makes quantification of the extent of this practice at the global scale difficult.

  2. Library Resource
    Understanding Land in the Context of Large-Scale Land Acquisitions: A Brief History of Land in Economics
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2019
    Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia, Global

    In economics, land has been traditionally assumed to be a fixed production factor, both in terms of quantity supplied and mobility, as opposed to capital and labor, which are usually considered to be mobile factors, at least to some extent. Yet, in the last decade, international investors have expressed an unexpected interest in farmland and in land-related investments, with the demand for land brusquely rising at an unprecedented pace.

  3. Library Resource
    Harvard's billion-dollar farmland fiasco cover image
    Reports & Research
    September, 2018
    Global

    One of the world's major buyers of farmland is under fire for their involvement in land conflicts, environmental destruction and risky investments. A new report by GRAIN and Rede Social de Justiça e Direitos Humano presents, for the first time, a comprehensive analysis of Harvard University's controversial investments in global farmland.

    The report finds that:

  4. Library Resource
    The Necessity for Open Data on land and property rights
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    April, 2018
    Global

    Data and information on land are fundamental for enabling smallholder farmers to gain secure access and control over their land, which provides the basis for investing in their operations.
    This briefing paper outlines the importance and benefits of increasing the availability and accessibility of land information in support of improved food security and nutrition.

  5. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September, 2008
    Republic of Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Eastern Asia, Oceania

    The story of agricultural policy in Northeast Asia over the past 50 years illustrates the dramatic changes that can occur in distortions to agricultural incentives faced by producers and consumers at different stages of economic development.

  6. Library Resource
    Farming the planet: 1. Geographic distribution of global agricultural lands in the year 2000 cover image
    Peer-reviewed publication
    August, 2008
    Global

    Agricultural activities have dramatically altered our planet's land surface. To understand the extent and spatial distribution of these changes, we have developed a new global data set of croplands and pastures circa 2000 by combining agricultural inventory data and satellite-derived land cover data. The agricultural inventory data, with much greater spatial detail than previously available, is used to train a land cover classification data set obtained by merging two different satellite-derived products (Boston University's MODIS-derived land cover product and the GLC2000 data set).

  7. Library Resource
    Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture cover image
    Peer-reviewed publication
    October, 2011
    Global

    Global food demand is increasing rapidly, as are the environmental impacts of agricultural expansion. Here, we project global demand for crop production in 2050 and evaluate the environmental impacts of alternative ways that this demand might be met. We find that per capita demand for crops, when measured as caloric or protein content of all crops combined, has been a similarly increasing function of per capita real income since 1960. This relationship forecasts a 100–110% increase in global crop demand from 2005 to 2050.

  8. Library Resource
    Closing Yield Gaps: How Sustainable Can We Be? cover image
    Peer-reviewed publication
    June, 2015
    Global

    Global food production needs to be increased by 60–110% between 2005 and 2050 to meet growing food and feed demand. Intensification and/or expansion of agriculture are the two main options available to meet the growing crop demands. Land conversion to expand cultivated land increases GHG emissions and impacts biodiversity and ecosystem services. Closing yield gaps to attain potential yields may be a viable option to increase the global crop production. Traditional methods of agricultural intensification often have negative externalities.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    Global

    Urbanisation and economic transformation - the growth of non-farm, industrial and service sectors - offer many opportunities for improvements in poor people's lives.The crucial challenge is to ensure that places work better for people, providing an enabling and supporting environment for changing livelihoods and economies. But all too often there is a failure to recognise and manage the urban transition, resulting in the continuing urbanisation of poverty, vulnerability and exclusion.

  10. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    Global

    The rural areas of the South have undergone vital socio-economic and technological changes marked by globalisation, economic liberalization and political decentralization and by the information and communication sector. Will these changes suffice to improve the living standards of the rural population and lessen the urban-rural gap or will the rural sector remain in isolation and be also in ten years time home of the poor?

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