The government of Lesotho’s (GOL) land reform efforts, enacted in the Land Act 2010, principally seek to create an environment that is favourable to agricultural development and economic investment.3 For years, Lesotho has lacked efficient land markets in which foreign investors could participate. The limitations on foreign landholding by the 1979 Land Act have presented impediments to improving the commercial use of land.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchJune, 2018Lesotho
Library ResourceOther legal documentAugust, 2019South Africa
On 20 August 2019 at 10h00 the Constitutional Court handed down judgment in an application for leave to appeal against the judgment and order of the Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA). This case concerned the failure by the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (Department) to process land tenant applications submitted in terms of the Land Reform (Labour Tenants) Act 3 of 1996 (LTA). Because of that failure, the Land Claims Court (LCC) ordered the appointment of a Special Master for labour tenants to assist the Department in its implementation of the LTA.
Library ResourceTraining Resources & ToolsDecember, 2019South Africa
This guide seeks to promote the use of ADR mechanisms to settle land rights disputes involving occupiers, labour tenants, landowners, claimants and other key role-players. It further aims to educate and capacitate ADR facilitators to have an understanding of the legal provisions that govern the relationships between different right-holders of land, particularly on farm land.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMarch, 2017Lesotho
This paper questions the novelty of post-2000 development strategies, in particular the US’s Millennium Challenge Corporation and its ethos of ‘poverty reduction through economic growth.’ Using land as a lens, I explore recent eras of development assistance and ask if the Millennium-era has been appreciably different from pre-2000 development. The backdrop of my study is an MCC-sponsored land reform in Lesotho. I use data drawn from fieldwork in Lesotho to argue that the logics and outcomes of the Development industry’s land policies have remained largely the same.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMarch, 2016Lesotho
Development agencies are increasingly making decisions and evaluating success on the basis of an ever-growing supply of data. Some argue that the proliferation of data improves development outcomes for states and people targeted by agencies' interventions, as well as the accountability of those agencies. Others argue that problems of selection bias, a lack of longitudinal records, and misuse of data can ignore or even exacerbate the problems that development agencies seek to mitigate.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2013Eastern Europe, Western Europe
It has often been stated that land fragmentation and farm structures characterized by small agricultural holdings and farms divided in a large number of parcels have been the side-effect of land reform in Central and Eastern Europe. This article reports the findings of a study of land reform in 25 countries in the region from 1989 and onwards and provides an overview of applied land reform approaches. With a basis in theory on land fragmentation, the linkage between land reform approaches and land fragmentation is explored.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsJuly, 2018Africa
The Association for Rural Advancement (AFRA) partnered with the Legal Resources Centre (LRC), a South African human rights organisation, to launch a class action lawsuit against the Government of South Africa on behalf of a class of farm dwellers known as labour tenants. Under the 1996 Land Reform (Labour Tenants) Act, labour tenants were granted rights to apply for ownership of the land they occupied. However, the government has failed to implement this law, and 19,000 labour tenant claims remain pending.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJuly, 2017Indonesia
Inequality in the agrarian structure in Indonesia remains a serious problem. Agrarian reform efforts have been the spirit of Indonesia since the enactment of the Basic Regulations on Agrarian Principles Act (UUPA). However, agrarian reform policies are still far from perfect. Since the reformation, the issue of agrarian reform, also known as land reform, regained its discourse space.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationNovember, 2019Indonesia
One of the main components of Indonesia's Just Economy policy is extensive and rapid land reform, which targets about 12% of the country's land area for redistribution to farmers and communities by 2019. Much of the reform is occurring on forest land. At the same time, the country has pledged a significant reduction of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, two thirds of which is to be achieved from forests. Hence agrarian reform potentially conflicts with emission reduction commitments.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2020Philippines
We estimate how a shift towards a more extractive resource policy, brought about by a regulatory reform of the mining sector, affected civil conflict in the Philippines. Our empirical strategy uses a difference-in-differences approach that compares provinces with and without mineral deposits before and after the reform. We find that the reform led to a large increase in conflict violence, most likely due to increased competition over control of resource-rich areas.
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