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Showing items 1 through 9 of 53.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    February, 2017

    Background: Movement behaviour is fundamental to the ecology of animals and their interactions with other organisms, and as such contributes to ecosystem dynamics. Waterfowl are key players in ecological processes in wetlands and surrounding habitats through predator-prey interactions and their transportation of nutrients and other organisms. Understanding the drivers of their movement behaviour is crucial to predict how environmental changes affect their role in ecosystem functioning.

  2. Library Resource
    Land reform by default: uncovering patterns of agricultural decollectivization in Tajikistan
    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2017
    Tajikistan

    Like that in other post-communist states, Tajikistan’s agricultural decollectivization was initiated through top-down measures. However, the implementation process has not been uniform across the state’s territory; in some districts collective farms were quickly and thoroughly broken up, while in others the process is just now beginning. In this paper, we investigate spatial variation in Tajikistan’s decollectivization process.

  3. Library Resource
    GT
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2017
    Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, Brazil

    This article presents a comparison for the impact from lack of land governance in Brazil between livestock and agricultural production. It begins with a brief description of the land regulatory system and its development in Mato Grosso do Sul State and Brazil. The methodology was based on focus groups research, conducted by CEPEA/USP (Center for advanced Studies on Applied Economics/University of São Paulo) on local production sites in Mato Grosso do Sul state, where a regional modal farm was established.

  4. Library Resource
    GT
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2017
    Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, Brazil
    O quadro legal e institucional, construído historicamente, que regulamenta a propriedade e a posse da terra no Brasil tem sido responsável por vários tipos de problemas fundiários no país que vão desde os conflitos de terras rurais, a ausência de moradias urbanas, as ocupações de terras rurais e urbanas (por alguns, chamadas de invasões), o desmatamento das florestas tropicais, a grande concen- tração da terra tanto rural quanto urbana à insegurança jurídica da terra em geral.
  5. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 60

    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2017
    Bangladesh, United States of America, Southern Asia

    Changing dietary preferences and population growth in South Asia have resulted in increasing demand for wheat and maize, along side high and sustained demand for rice. In the highly productive northwestern Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia, farmers utilize groundwater irrigation to assure that at least two of these crops are sequenced on the same field within the same year. Such double cropping has had a significant and positive influence on regional agricultural productivity. But in the risk-prone and food insecure lower Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains (EIGP), cropping is less intensive.

  6. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 60

    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2017
    Indonesia

    The values ascribed to industrial tree plantations are often controversial. Hence knowledge of their perceived impacts is important for improving their integration in rural landscapes. In 2016 we conducted household surveys with 606 respondents living in villages adjacent to acacia, teak and pine plantations across three islands in Indonesia (Java, Borneo, Sumatra). Results show that perceptions toward pine and teak plantations tend to differ from those toward acacia pulpwood plantations in several ways.

  7. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 61

    Peer-reviewed publication
    February, 2017
    Romania

    The current transformations of the Romanian agricultural sector have imposed new paradigms in using the land resources. The objective of this study is to assess Romanian agro-food products competitiveness on world market, in terms of land use changing paradigms. The research question is whether the land is cultivated with crops which are competitive on world market. For assessing agro-food competitiveness, Balassa index is calculated. The findings show relative performance for barley, maize, triticale, wheat, poultry meat, oilseeds, and tobacco.

  8. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 61

    Peer-reviewed publication
    February, 2017
    Africa

    Land tenure remains one of the most critical factors determining equity under REDD+, as we demonstrated through our previous article, ‘Roots of inequity: how the implementation of REDD+ reinforces past injustices”. Githiru responded to this paper, with some apparent challenges to both the empirical basis and theoretical arguments, that we had put forward.

  9. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 60

    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2017
    South-Eastern Asia

    A major driver of change in the Mekong River basin relates to hydropower development and the consequent changes in landscape and natural resource access regime that it induces. In this paper, we examine how the livelihoods of resettlers evolve following resettlement, and examine the determinants of that process. The study takes place in the context of the Theun Hinboun Expansion Project in Lao PDR. Based on longitudinal household surveys conducted before resettlement as well as 1, 2, and 3 years after resettlement, we identify the process of livelihood adaptation in resettled communities.

  10. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 61

    Peer-reviewed publication
    February, 2017
    Finland, United States of America

    Within the context of enhancing sustainable and livable urban environments, one aim is to establish multifunctional green infrastructure (GI). We argue that in order to successfully plan and manage the development of GI, an inclusive and future-oriented stance concerning the needs and expectations of urbanites is required. By using green roofs as an example, the aim of this paper was to offer insights into how people envisage novel GI in urban environments and to reveal the scope of meanings and values people attach to these kinds of green infrastructure.

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