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Showing items 1 through 9 of 497.
  1. Library Resource
    Terra Brasilis
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2017
    South America, Brazil

    O objetivo do artigo é compreender o período entre 1822 e 1850 como um momento da história brasileira em que se instituiu simultaneamente a absolutização da propriedade privada da terra e a legalização jurídica da grilagem de terra. O processo de monopolização das terras brasileiras que se realizou na primeira metade do século XIX reproduziu a grilagem como forma e conteúdo central da formação territorial do Brasil.

  2. Library Resource
    etnografica
    Journal Articles & Books
    October, 2017
    Africa, Cape Verde

    O artigo apresenta uma pesquisa sobre o Parque Natural do Fogo, na ilha do Fogo, em Cabo Verde, tendo como foco as sociocosmologias caldeirenses. A pesquisa etnográfica foi realizada em Chã das Caldeiras, na qual explorei alguns contextos cosmopolitas onde o cosmos e a política não estão isolados. A criação do referido parque foi mediada por um conjunto de conceções tecnocientíficas e burocracias administrativas que se detêm apenas nos riscos e “recursos” e que bloqueiam a relação ontológica singularizante do caldeirense com o cosmos.

  3. Library Resource
    Foreign Direct Investment in Armenia
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2017
    Armenia

    After the fall of the Soviet Union and regaining its independence, Armenia has begun a process of systemic transformation. The level and pace of socio-economic development has been influenced by internal situation as well as by country’s geopolitical position and its relations with foreign partners. The purpose of this article is to present general characteristics of foreign direct investment that has been present in Armenia since the 1990s. The author describes several key factors shaping the volume, geographical, proprietary and sectoral structure of the FDI inflows.

  4. Library Resource

    Factors and actors driving the reform agenda

    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2017
    Central Asia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Mongolia

    This paper examines the roles of the state, international organisations and the public in pastoral land reform in the Central Asian republics and Mongolia. In recent years new legislation has been passed in most of these countries, often driven by environmental concerns. In the development of these laws, international organisations tend to promote common property regimes, whilst governments usually emphasise individual security of tenure, each using environmental arguments taken from quite different bodies of theory.

  5. Library Resource

    Pratiques culturales et durabilité

    Peer-reviewed publication
    July, 2017
    Gabon

    Au Gabon, le rôle du maraîchage périurbain est essentiel à l'approvisionnement des villes en légumes frais, notamment à Libreville et Owendo. Lors d'une enquête menée dans trois périmètres maraîchers, un état des lieux a été réalisé sur les caractéristiques socio-économiques, la diversité des plantes cultivées et les pesticides utilisés. Les superficies exploitées vont de 0,08 ha à 0,4 ha par maraîcher selon les sites. Les exploitants interrogés sont à 51 % originaires du Gabon alors que 40 % sont originaires du Burkina Faso.

  6. Library Resource
    etnografica
    Journal Articles & Books
    May, 2017
    South America, Brazil, French Guiana

    Este artigo trata das dinâmicas contemporâneas da comunicação interétnica entre povos indígenas e o universo de atores e discursos ambientalistas no Brasil. A etnografia do contexto local de comunidades que vivem na terra indígena Jacamim, situada em Roraima, na fronteira com a Guiana, apresenta diferentes posicionamentos indígenas quanto às discussões sobre o conceito de “meio ambiente”. O objetivo é refletir sobre a ideia de “dialogia” que parece marcar as políticas indígenas do conhecimento diante das práticas hegemônicas de comensuração.

  7. Library Resource
     A comparative assessment of land management approaches in Bhutan
    Peer-reviewed publication
    July, 2017
    Bhutan

    Arable land in Bhutan is under serious threats of land degradation. Proper land management approach is needed to control soil erosion problems. This study is an attempt to characterize and document the conventional and the community-based land management approaches, applied in Chukha and Dagana districts, respectively. The study tried to make a comparative assessment of their social, economic and environmental impacts on the participating farmers.

  8. Library Resource
    Changes in Property Rights and Management of High-Elevation Rangelands in Bhutan: Implications for S
    Peer-reviewed publication
    August, 2017
    Bhutan

    Property rights and management regimes for high-elevation rangelands in Bhutan have evolved over centuries in response to environmental, cultural, and political imperatives. The 2007 Land Act of Bhutan aims to redress historical inequities in property rights by redistributing grazing leases to local livestock owners in a process known as rangeland nationalization.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2017
    Global

    Land Degradation Neutrality is one of the Sustainable Development Goal targets, requiring on-going degradation to be balanced by restoration and sustainable land management. However, restoration and efforts to prevent degradation have often failed to deliver expected benefits, despite enormous investments. Better acknowledging the close relationships between climate, land management and non-linear ecosystem dynamics can help restoration activities to meet their intended goals, while supporting climate change adaptation and mitigation.

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