Brazil has the fifth-largest national land area in the world and this land resource represents a critical asset for the country’s urban, agricultural, and economic development, also providing essential environmental services. Nevertheless, it has a historical lack of governance over its lands, failing to provide secure land rights and to control the extensive frauds resulting in public and private land grabs. The objective of this study is to depict evidence of these land grabs and propose a typology for analyzing them.
Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 118.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2015South America, Brazil
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2015Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, BrazilAt the turn of the 21st century, we can see that Brazil, the 5th largest country in the world, has been successful in developing a modern export-led agriculture distributed over large areas and also achieved a good economic performance especially through the global economic crisis after 2008. Nevertheless, the country also inherited an archaic land appropriation pattern and absence of control over its public lands – results of the lack of governance over land.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2015Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, BrazilThis article ́s aim is to show that the main cause of deforestation in the Amazon rain forest is the lack of land governance. The deforestation occurs manly because property rights are not clearly establish, and occurs on land ruled directly or indirectly related to the state. After making a literature review on the Amazon region deforestation causes it will show, with data from PRODES (published by IMAZON, IPAN and ISA), on deforestation for the Amazon region and for the states revealing the main landowners types in which deforestation occurs more frequently.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2015Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, Brazil
From colonial to modern times, Brazilian agricultural property has remained immersed in a chaotic vortex of deregulation. Attempts of institutional reform - such as the Lei de Terras (Land Law) of 1850 - have been largely unsuccessful, whilst providing legal grounds for land grab by large estates and narrowing the scope of possibilities open for legitimate reevaluations of the first institutional landmark on land use and ownership in the country - the sesmarias.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsAugust, 2015South-Eastern Asia
This article from the World Forestry Congress Proceeding aims to inform policy makers and other key stakeholders about issues and concerns of grassroots stakeholders with regards to REDD+ policy and program development. The lessons shared here are generated from REDD+ capacity development at grassroots level in South and Southeast Asia, covering, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Nepal and Viet Nam.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2015Sri Lanka
The state owns over 80% of the land in Sri Lanka. The remainder is owned by private parties. Under the State Lands Encroachments Ordinance, all waste lands, forest lands, unoccupied and uncultivated lands are presumed to belong to the state until the contrary is proved (section 7) and all cinnamon land which have been uninterruptedly possessed by the state for over 30 years are held and deemed to belong to the state (section 6).
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2015Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Central Asia
Agro-ecosystems in dry areas are sensitive to changes in climate
and land use. The productivities of these agro-ecosystems are
highly variable in both spatial and temporal scales. Accurate and
up-to-date information on these production systems at farmscape to
landscape scales are important for understanding the food security
and sustainability of socio-ecological systems. Due to lack of such
information, satellite remote sensing has been used to quantify the
land productivity and degradation dynamics of agro-ecosystems
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsJuly, 2015Ethiopia, Eastern Africa
The database consists of data on soil properties of both on station and 20 farmer fields, household characteristics of 301 households, woreda level crop production statistics for the past 5 years, land use maps and data and long-term historical climate data for Adamitullu in Oromia region, Ethiopia
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2015Uzbekistan, Central Asia
Irrational water use and mismanagement are at the root of several environmental problems in the Aral Sea Basin, including secondary salinization. Pre-season leaching (February-March) is a common practice of farmers to manage soil salinity challenges. For example, farmers in the Khorezm region tend applying up to 600 mm of leaching volume to prevent accumulation of salts in the root-zone. However, excessive leaching volume causes the water tables to rise at 1-1.5 m depth which are dangerous depths.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsNovember, 2015India, Southern Asia
Traditional livestock rearing systems in grasslands evolved in response to social, climatic, vegetative and technological conditions that existed scores, hundreds, or in some cases thousands of years ago. Many of these systems involve vertical transhumance where flocks and herds are moved up elevation gradients for summer pasturage or horizontal transhumance in which livestock migrate across greater distances in response to regional rainfall patterns and
Land Library Search
Through our robust search engine, you can search for any item of the over 61,500 highly curated resources in the Land Library.
If you would like to find an overview of what is possible, feel free to peruse the Search Guide.