The Republic of Azerbaijan implemented during the late 1990s a land reform, which distributed the state owned agricultural land to the rural population but also led to excessive land fragmentation and small farm sizes. Agricultural and rural development is high on the political agenda in Azerbaijan and is seen as an important sector to development as part of an overall strategy of reducing dependency on income from oil production.
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Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMay, 2020Azerbaijan
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsJune, 2019Jordan, Western Asia
The objective of this study was to model and analyze the influence Vallerani rainwater
harvesting (RWH) structures have on the soil moisture dynamics in the Jordanian Badia
and to test viability of these structures when influenced by climate change. HYDRUS-2D
was used for the modelling. A three-month fieldwork was performed to set up and
calibrate the model. The results show that most of the soil moisture is located
underneath the furrow of the Vallerani RWH structures. The impact on water availability
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMay, 2006Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia
In the Mediterranean mountain areas of NW Syria, land degradation is a serious problem (Masri et al, 2005). Olive orchards dominate the landscape in Afrin area, and olive oil represents the most important cash income source for rural communities in this area. However, olive yields in many orchards have been decreasing steadily over the last 20 years. Low return to labour has resulted in livelihood insecurity, increased reliance on off-farm labour, and out-migration.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksOctober, 2011Jordan, Western Asia
Mechanized construction of micro-catchments for water harvesting (WH) was successfully tested in the Badia (dry rangeland) areas in Syria and Jordan, using the “Vallerani” plow, model Delfino (50 MI/CM), manufactured by Nardi, Italy. The plow was able to construct intermittent and continuous contour ridges, and could potentially be used to rehabilitate degraded rangelands. However, one major issue for large-scale implementation is the high cost and time required to manually identify contours for the plow to follow.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsMarch, 2014Iran, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, Yemen, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Western Asia
This document is a synthesis of outcomes from a knowledge process that was a collaborative effort involving researchers, scientists, and technicians from Iran, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, and Yemen.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2008Jordan, Western Asia
The project aims to improve the productivity of degraded rangelands through efficient utilization of limited rainfall. Nearly 48% of farmers in the Muhareb community own flocks, with an average flock size of about 159 head. About 52% of farmers in Um Al Naám own flocks, with an average of 125 head; about 63% of farmers in Muhareb community own a small flock (average 28 head), or a medium flock size (30%, average 293 head), or a large flock (7%, average 751 head. However, about 72% of farmers in Um Al Naám own a small flock, with an average flock size of 36 head.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2011Jordan, Western Asia
This report is a documentation of data gathered during the project for the Badia Benchmark, organized in a way to facilitate the on of various disciplines. The purpose is, to facilitate the use of this data for better management of resources during the project and to provide accessible and user friendly database that is suitable for use beyond the project lifetime. It is anticipated that future research and development projects, will build upon this database and continue the documentation to enhance the use of data for the Badia and similar areas.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2011Jordan, Western Asia
The Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA) region encompasses large areas of arid and semi-arid zones. These zones may be defined as areas where rainfall, relative to the level of evapotranspiration, is inadequate to sustain reliable crop production. Most of the arid and semi-arid zones of the CWANA region are rangelands and are characterized by wide variability in rainfall and temperature. Droughts are common, resulting in low forage production and crop productivity as well as water scarcity.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsApril, 2013Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen, Northern Africa, Western Asia
The goal of WLI is to improve the livelihoods of rural
households and communities in areas where water
scarcity, land degradation, water quality deterioration,
food security and health problems are prevalent in eight
participating countries including Egypt, Iraq, Jordan,
Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia, and Yemen. The main
objective is to develop and pilot test integrated water and
land management strategies.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsMarch, 2014Iran, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Central Asia, Western Asia
The Menarid Knowledge Management initiative offers three services that will improve the effectiveness and wider use of IFAD projects – and potentially other rural development initiatives active in sustainable land and water management.
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