The Republic of Azerbaijan implemented during the late 1990s a land reform, which distributed the state owned agricultural land to the rural population but also led to excessive land fragmentation and small farm sizes. Agricultural and rural development is high on the political agenda in Azerbaijan and is seen as an important sector to development as part of an overall strategy of reducing dependency on income from oil production.
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Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMay, 2020Azerbaijan
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2008Jordan, Western Asia
The project aims to improve the productivity of degraded rangelands through efficient utilization of limited rainfall. Nearly 48% of farmers in the Muhareb community own flocks, with an average flock size of about 159 head. About 52% of farmers in Um Al Naám own flocks, with an average of 125 head; about 63% of farmers in Muhareb community own a small flock (average 28 head), or a medium flock size (30%, average 293 head), or a large flock (7%, average 751 head. However, about 72% of farmers in Um Al Naám own a small flock, with an average flock size of 36 head.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2011Jordan, Western Asia
This report is a documentation of data gathered during the project for the Badia Benchmark, organized in a way to facilitate the on of various disciplines. The purpose is, to facilitate the use of this data for better management of resources during the project and to provide accessible and user friendly database that is suitable for use beyond the project lifetime. It is anticipated that future research and development projects, will build upon this database and continue the documentation to enhance the use of data for the Badia and similar areas.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2011Jordan, Western Asia
The Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA) region encompasses large areas of arid and semi-arid zones. These zones may be defined as areas where rainfall, relative to the level of evapotranspiration, is inadequate to sustain reliable crop production. Most of the arid and semi-arid zones of the CWANA region are rangelands and are characterized by wide variability in rainfall and temperature. Droughts are common, resulting in low forage production and crop productivity as well as water scarcity.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsApril, 2013Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen, Northern Africa, Western Asia
The goal of WLI is to improve the livelihoods of rural
households and communities in areas where water
scarcity, land degradation, water quality deterioration,
food security and health problems are prevalent in eight
participating countries including Egypt, Iraq, Jordan,
Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia, and Yemen. The main
objective is to develop and pilot test integrated water and
land management strategies.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksNovember, 2011Algeria, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Northern Africa, Western Asia
CropSyst is the crop growth model chosen as a decision tool for the Tadla Benchmark project. CropSyst is a daily time step simulation model. The model was developed to serve as an analytic tool to study the effect of cropping systems management on productivity and the environment. The model simulates the soil water budget, soil– plant nitrogen budget, crop canopy and root growth, dry matter production, yield, residue production, and decomposition. Management options include cultivar selection, crop rotation, irrigation, nitrogen fertilization, tillage operations, and residue management.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksNovember, 2011Jordan, Western Asia
The rangelands of West Asia and North Africa are the grazing grounds for the Bedouin with their flocks of sheep, goats and camels and are known as al Badia in the Middle East region. Average annual rainfall in the Badia ranges between 50 and 250 mm (Haddad 2006). Despite its scarcity, rainwater is generally poorly managed and much of it is lost through runoff and evaporation. To improve production in hese areas, there is a need for the sustainable management of natural resources – land and water (FAO 1983).
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJuly, 2015Jordan, Western Asia
Land degradation resulting from improper land
use and management is a major cause of declined productivity
in the arid environment. The objectives of this study were
to examine the effects of a sequence of land use changes,
soil conservation measures, and the time since their implementation
on the degradation of selected soil properties.
The climate for the selected 105 km2 watershed varies from
semi-arid sub-tropical to Mediterranean sub-humid. Land
use changes were detected using aerial photographs acquired
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsJune, 2002Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia
The world is witnessing a period in its history when the increasing socio-political upheavals are taking the lives of thousands, and destroying the natural wealth of our planet. Poverty and food insecurity are two key forces driving this destruction. These ongoing problems compound those already being posed by an increasing shortage of water, scarcity of productive land, an expanding population, and the threat of global warming.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJune, 2003Armenia, Azerbaijan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Central Asia, Western Asia
The year 2002 marked ICARDA's 25th anniversary, and coincided with several honors and awards for the center's excellence in research. Research on developing high-yielding kabuli chickpea varieties that thrive in cool, wet winter conditions earned the 2002 King Baudouin Award of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), jointly with the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), which focuses on desi chickpea.
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