Recently dubbed “Africa’s Lion” (in allusion to the discourse around “Asian Tigers”), Ethiopia is celebrated for its steady economic growth, including a growing number of millionaires compared to other African nations. However, as documented in previous research by the Oakland Institute, the Ethiopian government’s “development strategy,” is founded on its policy of leasing millions of hectares (ha) of land to foreign investors.
Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 1990.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2014Ethiopia
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2020Ethiopia
We investigated the spatial relations of ecological and social processes to point at how state policies, population density, migration dynamics, topography, and socio-economic values of ‘forest coffee’ together shaped forest cover changes since 1958 in southwest Ethiopia. We used data from aerial photos, Landsat images, digital elevation models, participatory field mapping, interviews, and population censuses.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJuly, 2020Argentina, Belgium, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Mexico, New Zealand, Panama, Philippines, Poland, United States of America, Venezuela
A singular and modest activist action, a temporary park created in San Francisco, grew into the global urban Park(ing) Day (PD) phenomenon. This tactical urbanism event not only expanded to be annually celebrated in thousands of parking lots all over the world but became an inspiration for urban planning and policy changes. The permanent rendition of Park(ing) Day, parklets, resulted from the movement but did not stop the spread of PD itself.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJune, 2020Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Algeria, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan, Senegal, South Sudan, Chad
The Re-Greening of the West African Sahel has attracted great interdisciplinary interest since it was originally detected in the mid-2000s. Studies have investigated vegetation patterns at regional scales using a time series of coarse resolution remote sensing analyses. Fewer have attempted to explain the processes behind these patterns at local scales. This research investigates bottom-up processes driving Sahelian greening in the northern Central Plateau of Burkina Faso—a region recognized as a greening hot spot.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMay, 2020Ethiopia
More than a decade has passed since the triple crises of food, energy and finance in the period 2007–2008. Those events turned global investor interest to agriculture and its commodities and thereafter the leasing of tens of millions of hectares of land. This article reviews and synthesizes the available evidence regarding the agricultural investments that have taken place in Ethiopia since that time. We use a systematic review approach to identify literature from the Web of Science and complement that with additional literature found via Google Scholar.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMay, 2020Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Algeria, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan, Senegal, South Sudan, Chad
Desertification is defined as land degradation occurring in the global drylands. It is one of the global problems targeted under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 15). The aim of this article is to review the history of desertification and to evaluate the scientific evidence for desertification spread and severity. First quantitative estimates of the global extent and severity of desertification were dramatic and resulted in the establishment of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in 1994. UNCCD’s task is to mitigate the negative impacts of desertification in drylands.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2018Ethiopia
This paper analyzes frontier dynamics of land dispossessions in Ethiopia’s pastoral lowland regions. Through a case study of two sedentarization schemes in South Omo Valley, we illustrate how politics of coercive sedentarization are legitimated in the ‘civilizing’ impetus of ‘improvement schemes’ for ‘backward’ pastoralists. We study sedentarization schemes that are implemented to evict pastoralist communities from grazing land to be appropriated by corporate investors.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2016Ethiopia
As months of protest and civil unrest hurl Ethiopia into a severe political crisis, a new report from the Oakland Institute debunks the myth that the country is the new “African Lion.” Miracle or Mirage? Manufacturing Hunger and Poverty in Ethiopia exposes how authoritarian development schemes have perpetuated cycles of poverty, food insecurity, and marginalized the country’s most vulnerable citizens.
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesMay, 2020Ethiopia, Global
Despite good intentions, rural land registration schemes have often failed to reach women and other vulnerable people—revealing the need for more inclusive strategies that target these groups and strengthen their land tenure security. One such strategy has emerged in Ethiopia where the Land Investment for Transformation (LIFT) program, managed by DAI, has prioritized the recruitment of social development officers (SDOs), young graduates who play a critical coordinating role in the implementation of gender-equitable and socially inclusive approaches to land registration.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2015Ethiopia
This paper examines the role of customary pastoral institutions in managing conflicts. It indicates thatintra‐ethnic conflicts can be managed customarily because of shared norms attributed to the social proximity and cultural homogeneity, whereas managing inter‐ethnic conflicts goes beyond the capacity of elders' council exercising customary law. The introduction of ethnic‐based federalism and historical political relations between different ethnic groups has weakened customary institutions in managing inter‐ethnic conflict.
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