The extractive industry can be an important source of human development, economic growth, government revenues and foreign investments. When well-managed, the sector provides possibility to create employment, build human capital, advance peoples mobility by improving infrastructure, and ultimately enhance the overall human development with a positive impact on poverty reduction efforts.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2020Afghanistan
Library ResourceReports & ResearchFebruary, 2011Afghanistan
The challenges faced by more than five and a half million Afghan refugees who have returned since 2002 receive scant regard in most international media or official proceedings concerning Afghanistan. Attention is primarily focused on Afghanistan’s intensified armed conflict, NATO’s withdrawal planning, and faltering peace efforts. Moreover, despite the millions of refugees who have returned in the past ten years, Afghans still comprise the world’s largest refugee population.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2011Afghanistan
While there is no right to land codified in international human rights law, the Convention for the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), provides for women’s right to own and inherit property without discrimination on the basis of sex. Afghanistan ratified CEDAW in 2003, without reservations. CEDAW (Article 14) also calls for rural women to have equal access to economic opportunities, to credit and loans, social security programs, and to adequate living conditions, including access to housing.
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesDecember, 2015Afghanistan
ABSTRACTED FROM INTRODUCTION:
At the beginning of this textbook, the authors would like to make two suggestions about how to approach the study of property law.
Library ResourceApril, 2017Northern Africa, Western Asia
Despite six years of crisis in Syria, agriculture remains a key part of the economy. The sector still accounts for an estimated 26 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) and represents a critical safety net for the 6.7 million Syrians – including those internally displaced - who still remain in rural areas. However, agriculture and the livelihoods that depend on it have suffered massive loss. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has now conducted the first comprehensive nationwide assessment on the cost of the war to the agriculture sector.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2014Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, BrazilO livro promove uma atualização do debate brasileiro sobre o desenvolvimento capitalista tardio, periférico e dependente, bem como sobre o fenômeno do “desenvolvimentismo”. Nesses termos, retoma a tradição crítica e reformista brasileira da “construção nacional interrompida” do Mestre Celso Furtado.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksAugust, 2016Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, BrazilII Seminário Governança de Terras e Desenvolvimento Econômico (1.: 2016: Campinas, SP)Coletânea [recurso eletrônico] / II Seminário Governança de Terras e Desenvolvimento Econômico, 4 a 5 de agosto de 2016, Campinas, SP – Campinas: Unicamp. IE, 2016.Disponível em: <http://governancadeterras.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Anais-2016.pdf> ISBN 978-85-86215-88-9.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2015South America, Brazil
Brazil has the fifth-largest national land area in the world and this land resource represents a critical asset for the country’s urban, agricultural, and economic development, also providing essential environmental services. Nevertheless, it has a historical lack of governance over its lands, failing to provide secure land rights and to control the extensive frauds resulting in public and private land grabs. The objective of this study is to depict evidence of these land grabs and propose a typology for analyzing them.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2015Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, BrazilAt the turn of the 21st century, we can see that Brazil, the 5th largest country in the world, has been successful in developing a modern export-led agriculture distributed over large areas and also achieved a good economic performance especially through the global economic crisis after 2008. Nevertheless, the country also inherited an archaic land appropriation pattern and absence of control over its public lands – results of the lack of governance over land.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2015Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, Brazil
From colonial to modern times, Brazilian agricultural property has remained immersed in a chaotic vortex of deregulation. Attempts of institutional reform - such as the Lei de Terras (Land Law) of 1850 - have been largely unsuccessful, whilst providing legal grounds for land grab by large estates and narrowing the scope of possibilities open for legitimate reevaluations of the first institutional landmark on land use and ownership in the country - the sesmarias.
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