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Showing items 1 through 9 of 139.
  1. Library Resource

    Volume 6 Issue 3

    Peer-reviewed publication
    October, 2017
    India

    With challenges from global climate change, it is imperative to enhance food production using climate-smart technologies and maximize farm efficiency. Fifty-six households in Rudhiapada and Badamahulidiha, Odisha, India were selected to evaluate farmers’ efficiency using conservation agriculture (CA) cropping system practices. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) and regression analysis were used to estimate farmer efficiency and the determinants of yield.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2017
    Sri Lanka

    Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer (MODIS) time-series Normalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) products are regularly used for vegetation monitoring missions and climate change analysis. However, satellite observation is affected by the atmospheric condition, cloud state and shadows introducing noise in the data. MODIS state flag helps in understanding pixel quality but overestimates the noise and hence its usability requires further scrutiny. This study has analyzed MODIS MOD09A1 annual data set over Sri Lanka.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2017
    Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda, Burundi, Madagascar, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Sudan, Ghana, Ethiopia, Malawi, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Eastern Africa

    Our goal is to provide the scientific basis for development investments and policies that promote more productive, profitable agriculture, and healthier diets at no environmental cost. Low-income, smallholder farmers face significant challenges across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). High population growth is coinciding with migration to the cities as younger populations seek out higher income-earning opportunities. Inadequate infrastructure and few markets for agricultural production in rural areas, for example, are leading to stagnated opportunities for smallholders.

  4. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2017
    Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa

    The agriculture sector is the backbone of Ethiopia’s economy and livelihoods. Yet, heavy reliance on rain-fed systems has made the sector particularly vulnerable to variability in rainfall and temperature. Climate change may decrease national gross domestic product (GDP) by 8–10% by 2050, but adaptation action in agriculture could cut climate shock-related losses by half. • Climate risk management interventions and long-term adaptation actions need to match localized vulnerabilities and impacts.

  5. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September, 2017
    Tanzania, Africa, Eastern Africa
  6. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September, 2017
    Nepal, Asia, Southern Asia
  7. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September, 2017
    Bangladesh, Asia, Southern Asia
  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2017
    Mali, Western Africa

    Studies on the enabling factors for household food security (HFS) most often used simplified econometric models looking into the links with a selected set of variables. In this research, a livelihood approach of HFS was used and aimed at determining the most significant livelihood assets for HFS in dryland agricultural systems. Elements of the five livelihood assets were assessed through questionnaire surveys with a random sample of 180 households, and six focus group discussions in three communities along the rural-urban continuum, in Southern Mali.

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