Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 142.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksFebruary, 2017Global
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJune, 2017Global
2016 was the hottest year on record – the third consecutive record-breaking year. It was a sign that we have to act fast to enhance the resilience of dryland farmers, who not only have to contend with more extreme temperatures but also face rapidly depleting water resources and the destructive effects of new pests and disease.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsFebruary, 2017Switzerland, Western Europe
Neighbourhood effects on land use change are very common. Therefore, they are often
included in spatially explicit models of land use change and other spatial analyses. Neighbourhood
indices, however, depend strongly on the spatial extent set for calculating them. So far, most of the
existing land-use change analyses or models using neighbourhood indices assumed some predefined
neighbourhood extents without proving whether the selected extents are optimal for the analysis of the
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationOctober, 2017India
With challenges from global climate change, it is imperative to enhance food production using climate-smart technologies and maximize farm efficiency. Fifty-six households in Rudhiapada and Badamahulidiha, Odisha, India were selected to evaluate farmers’ efficiency using conservation agriculture (CA) cropping system practices. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) and regression analysis were used to estimate farmer efficiency and the determinants of yield.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2017Lebanon, Western Asia
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2017Sri Lanka
Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer (MODIS) time-series Normalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) products are regularly used for vegetation monitoring missions and climate change analysis. However, satellite observation is affected by the atmospheric condition, cloud state and shadows introducing noise in the data. MODIS state flag helps in understanding pixel quality but overestimates the noise and hence its usability requires further scrutiny. This study has analyzed MODIS MOD09A1 annual data set over Sri Lanka.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2017Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda, Burundi, Madagascar, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Sudan, Ghana, Ethiopia, Malawi, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Eastern Africa
Our goal is to provide the scientific basis for development investments and policies that promote more productive, profitable agriculture, and healthier diets at no environmental cost. Low-income, smallholder farmers face significant challenges across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). High population growth is coinciding with migration to the cities as younger populations seek out higher income-earning opportunities. Inadequate infrastructure and few markets for agricultural production in rural areas, for example, are leading to stagnated opportunities for smallholders.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2017Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
The agriculture sector is the backbone of Ethiopia’s economy and livelihoods. Yet, heavy reliance on rain-fed systems has made the sector particularly vulnerable to variability in rainfall and temperature. Climate change may decrease national gross domestic product (GDP) by 8–10% by 2050, but adaptation action in agriculture could cut climate shock-related losses by half. • Climate risk management interventions and long-term adaptation actions need to match localized vulnerabilities and impacts.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Tanzania, Africa, Eastern Africa
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Nepal, Asia, Southern Asia
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