In Ghana, farmer-herder conflicts have become widespread and increasingly assume a violent dimension. Competition over access to and use of land and water resources is at the center of the conflicts. However, competition does not automatically result in conflicts. The conflicts are driven by triggering activities of both farmers and herders. This study identifies triggers of farmer-herder conflicts in the Upper West Region of Ghana and tests the level of agreement among key stakeholder groups on the triggers of these conflicts.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksApril, 2017Ghana
Library ResourceTraining Resources & ToolsApril, 2017Global
This guide is intended for practitioners who are confronted with land conflicts in the course of their work or are in a position to prevent them and/or include land governance as one pillar in their policies. It aims to broaden the understanding of the complexity of causes that lead to land conflicts in order to provide for better-targeted ways of addressing such conflicts, and provides a number of tools with which to analyse land disputes. In addition, this guidebook discusses a wide variety of options and tools for settling ongoing land conflicts and for preventing new ones.
Library ResourceVideosJanuary, 2018Sierra Leone
Our new feature film from Roy Maconachie and Simon Wharf explores the pathway of a diamond from mine to market, and asks the question, who really benefits?
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2017Global
Claims to land and territory are often a cause of conflict, and land issues present some of the most contentious problems for post-conflict peacebuilding. Among the land-related problems that emerge during and after conflict are the exploitation of land-based resources in the absence of authority, the disintegration of property rights and institutions, the territorial effect of battlefield gains and losses, and population displacement.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksReports & ResearchOctober, 2017Myanmar
This study emerged out of an identified need to document social processes leading to land insecurity, and those leading to investment and sustainable use of lands by rural populations. Focusing on the Delta and Dry Zone, the main paddy producing regions of Myanmar, this analysis unravels the powers at play in shaping rural households’ relationship to land.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2017South-Eastern Asia
The Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG) project, MLIKE (Mekong Land Information and Knowledge Exchange), and the Land Portal co-facilitated an online dialogue on “Responsible Large Scale Agricultural Investments in the Mekong Region” on 09-27 October 2017. The full dialogue can be read here. This report delineates the key messages emerging from the dialogue.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJanuary, 2017Uganda
The ways in which people obtain land in Uganda are changing fast. Land that used to be secured through inheritance, gifts or proof of long-term occupancy is now more commonly changing hands in the market. Those with wealth and powerful connections are frequently able to override local rules and gain access to land at the expense of poorer individuals. Government-backed agribusiness investors receive large areas of land with benefits for some local farmers who are able to participate in the schemes, while other smallholders see their land access and livelihoods degraded.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJuly, 2017Global
2016 saw a record 200 killings of people defending their land, forests and rivers against destructive industries.
It has never been deadlier to take a stand against companies that steal land and destroy the environment. Our new report Defenders of the Earth found that nearly four people were murdered every week in 2016 protecting their land and the natural world from industries like mining, logging and agribusiness.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMarch, 2017Kenya
Kenya’s Vision 2030 aims at transforming the country into a newly industrialized middle income country
and infrastructural development is high on the agenda to achieve this. Competing land uses and existing
interests in land make the use of eminent domain by government in acquiring land inevitable. However
most of the land earmarked for compulsory acquisition comprises of un- registered land whose interests
are not formally documented. Kenya has progressive statutes that provide for compensation of land that is
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMay, 2017Tanzania
Land-use conflict is not a new phenomenon for pastoralists and farmers in Tanzania with murders, the killing of livestock and the loss of property as a consequence of this conflict featuring in the news for many years now. Various actors, including civil society organisations, have tried to address farmer–pastoralist conflict through mass education programmes, land-use planning, policy reforms and the development of community institutions. However, these efforts have not succeeded in the conflict.
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