Zulfikar Ali Bhutto emerged as the populist leader in the elections of 1970 with his Pakistan People’s Party established in 1967. Bhutto had worked in Ayub Khan’s cabinet for a long time and he knew the weaknesses of incumbent government. Having established his party, he challenged the policies of Ayub government and pioneered the movement for the downfall of Ayub regime. The elections of 1970 yielded polarized electoral mandate in which Awami League won thumping majority in East Pakistan while Pakistan People’s Party outdid rivals in the West Pakistan.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationDecember, 2018Pakistan
Library ResourceTraining Resources & ToolsMay, 2021Global
To ensure a better and more sustainable future for all, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (“the 2030 Agenda”) has identified 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be achieved by 2030. SDGs range from poverty eradication, zero hunger, decent work and reduced inequalities to quality education, clean water and sanitation, and gender equality, only to name some of them.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2011Mauritania
Mauritania is a highly centralized Islamic republic with a president as head of state. The legislative function is exercised by the Senate and National Assembly, the former consisting of representatives chosen indirectly by municipal councilors and the latter directly elected by the voters. The legislative bodies were weak relative to the executive. The election of Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz as president
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2021Mauritania, Senegal
A local famer-herder conflict over grazing rights in the Mauritanian-Senegal border region has triggered a spiral of violence between Senegalese and Mauritanians in the southern Senegal River bank and different Mauritanian cities. This escalation has to be understood against the background of persistent racism and discrimination of the ‘black’ population of Mauritania.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJuly, 2014Mauritania
Le Cadre d’analyse de la gouvernance foncière (CAGF) est un outil de diagnostic permettant d’évaluer le cadre juridique, les politiques et les pratiques en matière de gestion foncière et d’utilisation des terres.
Ce cadre conceptuel a été élaboré par la Banque mondiale depuis 2008 dans le cadre d’un partenariat avec la FAO, ONU- Habitat, le FIDA, l’IFPRI, l’Union africaine et des agences de développement bilatérales, comme outil de diagnostic permettant d’évaluer le statut de la gouvernance foncière d’un pays.
Library ResourceLegislationSeptember, 2007Mauritania
La présente loi est composée de 84 articles repartis en onze (11) titres. Ce texte prévoit la mise en valeur des forêts (Titre II) et les défrichements des forêts: organisation, et lieux des défrichements (Titre III).
Library ResourceReports & ResearchSeptember, 2015Mauritania
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2002Philippines
This article summarizes the nature of land-related conflicts in the Philippines within the context of the prevailing agrarian situation throughout the country. An analysis of the agrarian institutions and different types of development that have occurred in a number of regions provide a broad representation of the current situation.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksApril, 2019Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, Brazil
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesMay, 2021Global
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