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Showing items 1 through 9 of 751.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    May, 2021
    Africa, Congo, Gabon, Western Africa, Ghana, Liberia

    Benefit-sharing agreements and community contracts are intended to ensure affected communities are involved in and benefit from the management of forest resources, but communities have often been left feeling short-changed.

    This briefing note provides an overview of the functioning of community benefit sharing and community contracting in the Republic of Congo, Gabon, Ghana and Liberia, through ClientEarth’s experience. It also draws out key considerations on benefit sharing and community contracting mechanisms.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    May, 2021
    Africa, Congo, Gabon, Western Africa, Ghana, Liberia

    Le partage des bénéfices et les contrats communautaires visent à garantir aux communautés affectées le moyen d’être impliquées et de tirer des avantages de la gestion des ressources forestières. En pratique, toutefois, les communautés se sentent souvent lésées sur ces points.

  3. Library Resource

    Volume 10 Issue 3

    Peer-reviewed publication
    March, 2021
    China, Russia, United States of America

    With the rapid economic growth and urbanisation process, a large amount of cultivated land has been permanently transformed into urban land. The protection of cultivated land has received widespread attention, and ecological compensation has been an effective means of restraining the decrease in cultivated land. Different from previous approaches to and methods of studying cultivated land’s ecological compensation, this study proposes a new behavioural perspective.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    March, 2018

    In Nigeria, the recurring impoverishment and other negative socioeconomic impacts endured by landholders affected by expropriation are well-documented and call into question the Land Use Act's (LUA) effectiveness in protecting local land rights. The World Bank's Land Governance Assessment Framework found that, in Nigeria, "a large number of acquisitions occurs without prompt and adequate compensation, thus leaving those losing land worse off, with no mechanism for independent appeal even though the land is often not utilized for a public purpose".

  5. Library Resource

    Volume 10 Issue 2

    Peer-reviewed publication
    February, 2021
    Australia, Belgium, Canada, Micronesia, United States of America

    Forest classifications by disturbance permit designation of multiple types of both old growth forests and shorter-lived forests, which auto-replace under severe disturbance, and also identification of loss of the disturbance type and associated forest. Historically, fire and flooding disturbance regimes, or conversely, infrequent disturbance, produced unique forests such as disturbance-independent forests of American beech (Fagus grandifolia), eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis), and sugar maple (Acer saccharum) in the Eastern United States.

  6. Library Resource

    Volume 10 Issue 1

    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2021
    Global

    Spatiotemporal variation in ground-surface displacement caused by ground freeze–thaw and thermokarst is critical information to understand changes in the permafrost ecosystem. Measurement of ground displacement, especially in the disturbed ground underlain by ice-rich permafrost, is important to estimate the rate of permafrost and carbon loss. We conducted high-precision global navigation satellite system (GNSS) positioning surveys to measure the surface displacements of tundra in northern Alaska, together with maximum thaw depth (TD) and surface moisture measurements from 2017 to 2019.

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2016
    Poland

    Many Polish cities are faced with a dilemma: to enact their local land-use plans and be exposed to the immediate financial consequences of their adoption, or to protect their budgets against these costs and give up control of the development of the cities. There are very broad compensation rights for value decline due to planning regulations and for areas designated in plans for public roads.

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2014
    Ethiopia

    This study investigates attitudes towards legalizing land sales and Willingness to Accept (WTA) sales prices and compensation prices for land among smallholder households in four different areas in the Oromia and SNNP Regions in the southern highlands of Ethiopia. Household panel data from 2007 and 2012 are used. The large majority of the sample prefers land sales to remain illegal, and the resistance to legalizing land sales increased from 2007 to 2012. In the same period, perceived median real land values increased sharply but also exhibit substantial local variation.

  9. Library Resource

    Vol 3, No 1: March 2020, Special Issue 2 on Land Policy in Africa

    Peer-reviewed publication
    March, 2020
    Africa

    Cameroon is currently witnessing an unprecedented wave of land-based investments, ranging from natural resources exploitation (oil, mining and gas), logging, large infrastructure building, etc. These developments happen in a context of population growth, in an increase in the domestic demand for land. There is a gap between the legislation governing expropriation and compensation in the country, and the variety of customary rules on land and resources. This context of legal pluralism results into endless conflicts opposing communities and the investors, including the State.

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