Since the collapse of the Soviet Union and agricultural decollectivisation, post-socialist rural contexts have afforded commons scholars particularly fertile ground for examination of institutional change and evolution under new modes of governance. In Mongolia, as elsewhere, such transformations have been characterised by the erosion of state influence and de jure and/or de facto devolution of land and resource rights.
Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 2019.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsJuly, 2008Mongolia
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationNovember, 2020Ghana
While agrarian change has been a recurrent theme in Ghana’s endeavor for economic development, questions on how land resources should be managed to ensure prompt attainment of economic growth remain unanswered. In Ghana, land is controlled by customary actors, while the state is the custodian of agricultural policies. The need for interaction between the two actors to ensure that the envisioned economic gains from agriculture are attained is paramount.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationSeptember, 2020French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Central African Republic, Norway, South Africa, Southern Africa
Joint Ventures (JVs) between ‘agribusiness’ investors and ‘small farmers’ or ‘customary landowners’ are being promoted in South Africa’s land and agrarian reform programme as a way to include land reform beneficiaries in the country’s competitive agricultural sector. This paper undertakes an in-depth comparative analysis of two JV dairy farms located on irrigation schemes in the former ‘homeland’ of the Ciskei, in South Africa’s Eastern Cape Province. The community, through government investment, brings the fixed assets to the business: land, irrigation infrastructure and milking parlours.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationDecember, 2010Singapore
The Torrens system was designed to deal with problems of 19th century conveyancing practice and it is questionable whether it meets the needs of the 21st century. The doctrine of immediate indefeasibility of title exacerbates the growing problem of identity fraud and is capable of causing much injustice, which in itself leads to a high volume of litigation. This article considers the possibility of reform, in particular the introduction of a comprehensive insurance scheme and a move away from immediate indefeasibility.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2020Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, BrazilNeste relatório avaliamos a situação da exploração madeireira no estado do Pará entre agosto de 2017 e julho 2018. Para tanto, comparamos inicialmente as informações das Autorizações para Exploração Florestal (Autefs) operacionais no período, emitidas pela Semas-PA (Secretaria Estadual de Meio Ambiente e Sustentabilidade), com imagens de satélite processadas para verificar a consistência e execução dessas autorizações.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksFebruary, 2013Cambodia
In rural Cambodia the rampant allocation of state land to political elites and foreign investors in the form of “Economic Land Concessions (ELCs)”—estimated to cover an area equivalent to more than 50 % of the country’s arable land—has been associated with encroachment on farmland, community forests and indigenous territories and has contributed to a rapid increase of rural landlessness. By contrast, less than 7,000 ha of land have been allotted to land-poor and landless farmers under the pilot project for “Social Land Concessions (SLCs)” supported by various donor agencies.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMay, 2016Mozambique, Ghana
The rise of new powers in development has generated much debate on the extent to which South–South Cooperation (SSC) constitutes a new paradigm of development more relevant to African needs or a disguise for a new form of imperialism. This paper critically examines the rise of Chinese and Brazilian technical and economic cooperation in African agriculture with two cases drawn from Ghana and Mozambique.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJune, 2018Lesotho
The government of Lesotho’s (GOL) land reform efforts, enacted in the Land Act 2010, principally seek to create an environment that is favourable to agricultural development and economic investment.3 For years, Lesotho has lacked efficient land markets in which foreign investors could participate. The limitations on foreign landholding by the 1979 Land Act have presented impediments to improving the commercial use of land.
Library ResourceOther legal documentAugust, 2019South Africa
On 20 August 2019 at 10h00 the Constitutional Court handed down judgment in an application for leave to appeal against the judgment and order of the Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA). This case concerned the failure by the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (Department) to process land tenant applications submitted in terms of the Land Reform (Labour Tenants) Act 3 of 1996 (LTA). Because of that failure, the Land Claims Court (LCC) ordered the appointment of a Special Master for labour tenants to assist the Department in its implementation of the LTA.
Library ResourceTraining Resources & ToolsDecember, 2019South Africa
This guide seeks to promote the use of ADR mechanisms to settle land rights disputes involving occupiers, labour tenants, landowners, claimants and other key role-players. It further aims to educate and capacitate ADR facilitators to have an understanding of the legal provisions that govern the relationships between different right-holders of land, particularly on farm land.
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