Based on cointegration analysis, a vector error correction model (VECM), and the impulse response function method, this paper empirically analyses the interaction among urban expansion, economic development, and population growth in China from 1980 to 2016. The results show that (I) there is a long-term equilibrium relationship among urban expansion, economic development and population growth, but there is an imbalance in the short term. When urban expansion deviates from the long-term equilibrium, it cannot be restored to equilibrium in the short term.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationOctober, 2019China
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJuly, 2019Africa, Central America, Asia, South America
Land plays an important role in the economies of developing countries, and many theories connecting land inequality with different dimensions of economic development already exist. Even though efficacious land distribution allows societies to transition from poverty to a human capital-based developed economy, ongoing issues related to property rights, inequality, and the political economy of land distribution are unavoidable. The general objective of this paper is to explore the nexus between land distribution and economic development.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationDecember, 2018South Africa, Southern Africa
Urban agriculture is said to be increasing with global urbanization. However, there is little examination of the temporal or spatial dynamics of urban agriculture. We investigated the benefits and challenges experienced by community gardeners in four towns in South Africa, along with GIS analysis of the number, area, and location of urban food community gardens over the last three decades. Common reasons for practicing community gardening were cash poverty (37%) and the need to grow food (34%).
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsMay, 2016Global
This LEGEND bulletin provides an overview of the main themes discussed and key messages identified by the LEGEND Core Land Support Team (CLST) during the 17th Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchOctober, 2019Asia, India
O Censo Indiano de 2011 contabilizou 833 milhões de pessoas vivendo em áreas rurais, sendo agricultores cerca de 95,8 milhões. A Índia rural, nas últimas décadas, passa por uma grave crise agrária, como consequência da comercialização da agricultura, da dominação do setor por corporações multinacionais, dívidas enormes entre os pequenos agricultores e trabalhadores agrícolas. Há uma epidemia de suicídios, altas taxas de desnutrição e crises em cascata entre artesãos e mineiros, os outros trabalhadores de áreas rurais.
Library ResourceTraining Resources & ToolsJanuary, 2019Global
Interactive guide to the VGGT
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2003Africa
Africa is the fastest urbanizing region in the world, with the population doubling almost every
20 years. The rural population is growing at a rate of 2.5 per cent per annum, while the urban
population is experiencing 5-10 per cent growth per annum. Urbanization becomes a source
of concern when the challenges it poses are far beyond the national management capacity.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsOctober, 1969Africa
This paper focuses on the list of agricultural research stations in fourteen countries of the East and central African sub-regions.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsFebruary, 1964Africa
The paper focuses on provisional summary record of the sixteenth Meeting.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 1987Africa
Earlier (1950s - early 1970s) development planning in African countries was essentially perceived and conceived as macro-economic planning. This perception placed overriding emphasis on the projection and maximization of national economic aggregates such as the GDP, the GNP per capita income, level of employment, stability of price levels etc. as sole measures of economic development performance.
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