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Showing items 1 through 9 of 21.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014

    有保障的权属是可持续森林管理的重要前提条件。更加多样化的权属体系可为改善森林管理、当地生计奠定基础,在森林管理能力较弱的国家尤其如此。过去10年间,很多国家开始改革森林和林地的权属安排,将获取和管理森林资源的权力在不同程度上从中央下放到家庭、私营公司和社区等主体。本书为政策制定者以及森林权属改革的参与者提供了切实可行的指导。书中引用了大量资料,包括粮农组织在非洲、东南亚、拉丁美洲和中亚开展的森林权属评估,得出一些经验教训,并阐明原因。本书列出了10条权属改革指导原则,提出因地制宜通过适应性的方式实现森林权属多样化。本书还强调,成功的权属改革与相关规范框架和治理安排改革相关联,因此必须将其放在更广阔的国家发展议程中来看待。

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2001
    Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Croatia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Moldova, Albania, Armenia, Poland, Germany, Georgia, Romania, Czech Republic, Europe

    The former socialist countries of Eastern Europe (that is, Europe east of Germany and west of the Urals, but including all of Russia) began a transition to a market economy in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s. This paper looks at one aspect of that transition: the transition from state ownership to private ownership of agricultural land and the accompanying transition to a land market for agricultural land.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2011
    Honduras, Nepal, Zambia, Gambia, Chile, Guatemala, China, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Australia, Ghana, Congo, Venezuela, Guyana, Costa Rica, Malawi, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Madagascar, Colombia, India, Paraguay

    La seguridad de la tenencia es un requisito previo importante para la gesti?n forestal sostenible. La diversificaci?n de los sistemas de tenencia podr?a proporcionar una base para mejorar la gesti?n de los boques y los medios de vida locales, especialmente cuando la capacidad de gesti?n forestal del Estado no es suficiente.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2008
    Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, China, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Belarus, Georgia, Armenia, Asia

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the economic effects of land reform policies in Tajikistan on the country’s agricultural sector and rural households. There is a conspicuous lack of evidence-based policy dialogue with the government on the effectiveness of land and agricultural policies in Tajikistan. Though the majority of rural inhabitants live in poverty and many are food insecure, a scientifically proper evaluation of the effects of land and farm policy reforms has yet to be done.

  5. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2009
    Angola, Burkina Faso, Rwanda, Zambia, Mali, Burundi, China, Namibia, Eswatini, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Malawi, Niger, Mozambique, Liberia, South Africa, Uganda, Madagascar, Tanzania, Sudan, Georgia, Kenya, Europe, Asia, Africa, Northern America

    Land Tenure Working Paper 11. This co-publication of FAO and UN-HABITAT seeks to better understand and define the processes, mechanisms and institutions of governance of tenure in rural and urban areas. The paper recognises that excellent land policies, laws and technical reforms have been developed. However, in many cases their implementation has slipped, stalled or even been reversed. By adopting a governance and political economy perspective, the paper offers insights for the design of reforms and for the development of land governance tools.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2005

    Land Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives continues to play an important role in land tenure and rural development studies and more specifically as part of FAO’s programmes since its first publication in 1963. In the last decade, the issues of good governance, new institutional structures and methodological approaches offering a wider perspective have become important elements of the debate. The articles in this volume of Land Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives reflect this in a variety of ways.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2002
    Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Kenya, Zambia, Burundi, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Eswatini, Congo, Gabon, Malawi, Ethiopia, Mozambique, South Africa, Lesotho, Uganda, Rwanda, Haiti, Cameroon, Tanzania, Botswana, Bahamas, Togo, Africa

    This background paper intends to highlight key issues surrounding the impact of HIV/AIDS on land, particularly at the rural household level in Southern and Eastern Africa. It also serves as an introduction to three country reports commissioned by the Sub-Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) on the impact of the epidemic on land issues. These studies are focused on Kenya, Lesotho and South Africa.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2011
    France, Honduras, Burundi, Guatemala, Sri Lanka, Vanuatu, Ghana, Congo, Venezuela, Guyana, Costa Rica, Malawi, Rwanda, Liberia, Philippines, Nicaragua, Uganda, Madagascar, Myanmar, Tanzania, Paraguay

    La sécurité de la tenure est une condition essentielle à la gestion durable des forêts. La diversification des systèmes de tenure pourrait servir de base à l’amélioration de l’aménagement forestier et des moyens d’existence locaux, en particulier là où l’Etat ne dispose pas des moyens suffisants pour gérer les forêts. Au cours de la dernière décennie, de nombreux pays ont entamé des efforts de réforme de leurs systèmes de tenure forestière, en déléguant certains droits d’accès et de gestion aux ménages, aux sociétés privées et aux communautés.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 1998
    Serbia, France, North Macedonia, Bangladesh, Honduras, United States of America, El Salvador, Chile, Guatemala, Colombia, Kenya, Morocco, Japan, Uganda, Albania, Italy, Tanzania, Ecuador, Tunisia, Senegal, Sudan, Paraguay, Mexico, Brazil, Americas

    This issue of Land Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives includes interesting descriptions of land tenure and related policies in Uganda, Tunisia, the United Republic of Tanzania and Morocco. Two thought-provoking articles on access to land and other assets focus on policies to reduce poverty and the function of markets in the allocation of production resources. In the first, J. Melmed-Sanjak and S.

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