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Showing items 1 through 9 of 81.
  1. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Latvia

    Land is one of the most important natural resources; its use is determined by several factors, especially resources and infrastructure. Without proper land management and maintenance as well as after abandoning the land favourable conditions arise for land degradation. Land degradation processes are also found in road infrastructure, which are promoted by various risk factors.

  2. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2017
    Latvia, Ukraine

    One of the tools for management of balanced development of rural areas is spatial planning – a kind of activity regarding to organization of use and protection of land at the national, regional and local level. The issues of conservation and restoration of natural resources in rural areas are extremely relevant for Ukraine. Main environmental problems in rural areas are: degradation of agricultural land, loss of biodiversity and pollution of land, overground and underground water. In recent years a new environmental problem has emerged − desertification.

  3. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2017
    Russia, Latvia

    Lands of industrial regions are often subjected to long-term contamination with heavy metals such as cadmium, zinc, lead, copper etc. Heavy metals circulate mostly due to water flows, and in the areas with humid (micro) climate, the heavy metal pollution propagates from sources with increased intensity because of acidic environment and soil water logging. We established that natural or artificial drainage effectively increases the washout of heavy metal pollutants due to subsurface and groundwater flows.

  4. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2017
    Latvia

    The most important international a world-level document defining the policy of protecting land and soil is the UN Convention «On combating desertification/land degradation in countries experiencing drought and/or desertification». Latvia acceded to this Convention in 2002, undertaking to implement it requirements. With the introduction of the Convention, it is necessary to develop a national action program for restriction of land degradation, as well as develop new legislation and a long-term policy.

  5. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2017
    Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus

    The article considers the role and importance of the borderline position of the Belarusian-Lithuanian region, which influences the transformation processes of territorial structures. Particular attention is paid to the areas of coordinated activities on the formation and functioning of transboundary protected natural areas, as well as spatial planning activities for the sustainable use of their constituent natural complexes. The resulted results of researches are received within the limits of realization in 2014-2015.

  6. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2017
    Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus

    The main idea of the project on the cross-border cooperation of Latvia, Lithuania and Belarus, as well as a unified methodology for its implementation, is based on cooperation between local and regional authorities and the use of innovative technologies: current remote sensing data (space images, aerial photographs and images from unmanned aerial vehicles), land information system, GIS and WEB-technologies.

  7. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2015
    Latvia, Ukraine

    The article discusses on the basic concepts of land relations. The analysis of the dynamics of the level of rent for the use of the land (a share), and is defined by its share in the structure of household income in rural areas is carried out. Conclusions on the welfare of the rural population are done. For the regions of Ukraine, which is not significantly different industrial and production potential, but have favourable natural resource factors for socio-economic rise, the use of land resources is an extremely important part of the development of economic complex.

  8. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2015
    Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania

    One of the areas of strategic development plans of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the implementation of the provisions of the Land Code is to ensure the sustainable use and conservation of land resources through the formation of highly productive, ecologically oriented and adapted land use, through improved economic mechanisms of land management and state control over observance of the land legislation.

  9. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    The spatial structure of rural areas in eastern Poland is characterized by large fragmentation of privately owned farmland, as well as the scattering of parcels across villages and beyond their boundaries. An important defect is also the unfavourable shape of land parcels, which hampers and sometimes even makes impossible rational management of land in a given area. Shape analysis has been the focus of numerous publications in fields such as geography and ecology, and, more recently, also geodesy.

  10. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    Agriculture in Poland varies from region to region in terms of the level of farming culture and intensity of production. The majority of holdings are family farms, which use extensive farming practices and which are geared towards multidirectional production. They are characterized by low product marketability. Small farms with an area of 1-5 ha prevail. The largest fragmentation of individual farms is observed in the southern and south-eastern parts of the country. A more favourable agrarian structure is found in northern Poland.

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