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Showing items 1 through 9 of 713.
  1. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 2002
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

    IFPRI assessed CARE-Ethiopia's Urban Food-for-Work Project in order to draw lessons about how to work effectively in urban areas. This country study gives information on the research focus, under Project Leader, James Garrett, highlights of the research, and recommendations for further action.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2002

    The rural nonfarm economy (RNFE) accounts for roughly 25 percent of full-time rural employment and 35-40 percent of rural incomes across the developing world. This diverse collection of seasonal trading, household-based and large-scale agroprocessing, manufacturing and service activities plays a crucial role in sustaining rural populations, inservicing a growing and modern agriculture, and in supplying local consumer goods and services.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2002
    China

    In the past two decades, China has achieved world renown for reducing rural poverty. However, it is becoming harder to reduce poverty and inequality further in China, even though its economy continues to grow. This report compares the impact specific rural public investments can have on promoting growth and reducing poverty and inequality. Returns to these investments are calculated for the nation as a whole and for three economic zones in the west, central, and coastal regions of the country.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2002
    Global

    "... Based on a global model of supply and demand for food and water, this report shows that if current water policies continue, farmers will indeed find it difficult to meet the world’s food needs. Hardest hit will be the world’s poorest people. The results from the model used in this report also show the consequences of changing the course of water policy. Further inattention to water-related investments and policies will produce a severe water crisis, which will lead in turn to a food crisis.

  5. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2002
    China

    In developing countries, identifying the most effective community-level governance structure is a key issue and, increasingly, empirical evaluation of the effects of democratization on the provision of local public goods is needed. Since the early 1990s, tens of thousands of villages in rural China have held local-government elections, providing a good opportunity to investigate the effect of democratization on the level of public goods provision.

  6. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 2002
    India, China

    Rural poverty in India and China has declined substantially in recent decades. This welcome development has come about largely because governments in both countries have invested in agricultural research, education, infrastructure, and other areas important to the rural poor. But what kinds of investments have reduced poverty the most? A clear answer to this question can help policymakers invest limited resources in ways that most benefit the poor. Recent studies by IFPRI and collaborators in India and China show that different kinds of rural public investment pay a range of dividends.

  7. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 2002
    Nepal, India, Peru, Zimbabwe

    Child labor is widespread in developing countries, but its causes are debatable. Poverty is considered the primary reason, but many theoretical and empirical analyses show that other factors, such as lack of access to credit, poor school quality, and labor market opportunities play equal or even greater roles in the decision to have children work. This study surveys the existing literature and, taking into account urban-rural divides, aims to shed light on the debate with empirical evidence from Nepal, Peru, and Zimbabwe.

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2002
    Nepal, Africa, Bangladesh, Ghana, Malawi

    This study examines the contributions of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) between 1993 and 2001 to analysis, outreach, capacity building, and training related to the role of rural finance in poverty reduction. The IFPRI multicountry research project on Rural Finance Policies for Food Security for the Poor involved data-intensive research by more than 14 research fellows on the impacts of access to rural financial services in countries.

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