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Showing items 1 through 9 of 2633.
  1. Library Resource

    Forests

    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2018
    Peru, Ecuador

    Command-and-control policies are often criticized as insufficient to tackle tropical deforestation. Over the past two decades, both academics and policy-makers have promoted incentive-based policies, notably REDD+ (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation), as attractive alternatives to curb forest loss, while also potentially contributing to the poverty reduction of forest-dwelling populations. Governments have been the driving force behind the largest incentive-based forest conservation programs in Latin America.

  2. Library Resource

    Environments

    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2017
    Bangladesh

    The present study investigates the forest governance structure for REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) implementation in a protected forest of Bangladesh, namely Rema-Kalenga Wildlife Sanctuary (RKWS). The study analyses the key aspects of forest governance, focusing on drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, governance deficit, institutions and social networks, co-benefits, and opportunities and challenges of REDD+ in RKWS.

  3. Library Resource

    Environments

    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2017
    Bangladesh

    The present study investigates the forest governance structure for REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) implementation in a protected forest of Bangladesh, namely Rema-Kalenga Wildlife Sanctuary (RKWS). The study analyses the key aspects of forest governance, focusing on drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, governance deficit, institutions and social networks, co-benefits, and opportunities and challenges of REDD+ in RKWS.

  4. Library Resource

    Environments

    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2017
    Congo

    Due to their carbon sequestration potential, tropical forests are a focal point for mitigation of climate change through Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+). The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) contains the largest part of the Congo Basin, the second largest rainforest in the world, and has become a main focus for REDD+ initiatives. However, DRC’s ongoing instability and conflict threatens the peace and security of local people, and outcomes of such global initiatives.

  5. Library Resource

    Environments

    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2018
    Zambia

    Damage to crops from wildlife interference is a common threat to food security among rural communities in or near Game Management Areas (GMAs) in Zambia. This study uses a two-stage model and cross-sectional data from a survey of 2769 households to determine the impact of land use planning on the probability and extent of wildlife-inflicted crop damage. The results show that crop damage is higher in GMAs as compared to non-GMAs, and that land use planning could be an effective tool to significantly reduce the likelihood of such damage.

  6. Library Resource

    Environments

    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2017
    India

    The Garhwal Himalaya has experienced extensive deforestation and forest fragmentation, but data and documentation detailing this transformation of the Himalaya are limited. The aim of this study is to analyse the observed changes in land cover and forest fragmentation that occurred between 1976 and 2014 in the Garhwal Himalayan region in India. Three images from Landsat 2 Multispectral Scanner System (MSS), Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper (TM), and Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) were used to extract the land cover maps.

  7. Library Resource
    Age, extent and carbon storage of the central Congo Basin peatland complex
    Reports & Research
    January, 2017
    Congo

    Peatlands are carbon-rich ecosystems that cover just three per cent of Earth's land surface, but store one-third of soil carbon. Peat soils are formed by the build-up of partially decomposed organic matter under waterlogged anoxic conditions. Most peat is found in cool climatic regions where unimpeded decomposition is slower, but deposits are also found under some tropical swamp forests. Here we present field measurements from one of the world's most extensive regions of swamp forest, the Cuvette Centrale depression in the central Congo Basin.

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2017
    Honduras

    En Honduras, con la expedición del Decreto Ejecutivo PCM-053-2013, empezó un trabajo institucional tendiente a reconocer que en el país, aún después del conflicto armado de 1907 y de 1969, persisten fenómenos de desplazamiento forzado, violencia y dinámicas de despojo de tierras, territorios y viviendas.

  9. Library Resource

    Impactos del Extractivismo y la Expansión Turística

    Reports & Research
    May, 2017
    Honduras

    Este informe expone dos casos de conflictos por procesos de desposesión territorial. El primero aborda la dramática situación que viven los habitantes de la comunidad garífuna de Barra Vieja, en el litoral atlántico hondureño, contra quienes el Estado ha desatado una persecución judicial feroz.

  10. Library Resource
    Mutations du système agraire dans le Département de la Nya, région du Logone Oriental au Sud du Tchad
    Reports & Research
    October, 2017
    Chad

    La région du Logone Oriental est une zone pétrolifère à vocation
    agricole. Plus de 80 % de la population vit des activités agropastorales. Dans
    les années 2000, la croissance de la population et la mise en place des
    infrastructures pétrolières a conduit à une restriction des terres agricoles. Dans le
    contexte de l’exploitation pétrolière, la terre a pris une autre importance. Elle
    est disputée par les pétroliers pour l’installation de leurs infrastructures et par
    les populations rurales pour l’exploitation agricole. L’objet de la présente

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