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Showing items 1 through 9 of 15905.
  1. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 2002
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

    IFPRI assessed CARE-Ethiopia's Urban Food-for-Work Project in order to draw lessons about how to work effectively in urban areas. This country study gives information on the research focus, under Project Leader, James Garrett, highlights of the research, and recommendations for further action.

  2. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 2008
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

    Numerous studies indicate that agricultural production is sensitive to climate variability, and lack of infrastructure in developing countries increases vulnerability to extreme climate events. In Ethiopia, the historical climate record indicates frequent droughts and floods, which can devastate agricultural production and existing infrastructure. Too much precipitation can flood crops, rot or suffocate roots, and wash out roads, creating similar economic conditions to those resulting from drought.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 1999
    Ghana

    Data collected from a 1997 household survey carried out in Accra, Ghana, are used to look at the crucial role that women play as income earners and in securing access to food in urban areas. The high number of female-headed households and the large percent of working women in the sample provide a good backdrop for looking at how women earn and spend income differently than men in an urban area. Livelihood strategies for both men and women are predominantly labor based and dependent on social networks.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2006
    Mozambique, Africa

    In the last 20 years HIV/AIDS has progressed from seemingly isolated small epidemics to a more generalized epidemic. In countries hard hit by the epidemic, HIV/AIDS continues to contribute to the problems faced by youth. A serious consequence of the AIDS epidemic is the growing number of AIDS orphans. In 2003 there were a total of 43 million orphans in Sub-Saharan Africa, of whom 12.3 million were orphaned by AIDS.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2013
    Benin

    Benin covers a land area of 114,763 square kilometers and occupies a long stretch of land perpendicular to the coast of the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. It is bordered on the north by Burkina Faso and the Republic of Niger, on the east by the Federal Republic of Nigeria, and on the west by the Republic of Togo. With a 124-kilometer coastline, it stretches north to south some 672 kilometers and east to west 324 kilometers at its widest point.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2006
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa, Kenya, Uganda

    Common property resources1 are important sources of timber, fuelwood, and grazing land in developing countries. When community members have unrestricted access to the resource, or when use regulations are ineffective, these resources are exploited on a first-come, first-served basis. Each individual user of the resource will tend to continue to use the resource until her average revenue is equal to the marginal cost of using the resource (Gordon 1954).

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2006
    Benin

    The paper discusses the application of the Water Poverty Index (WPI) as a monitoring tool for Benin’s water sector. Benin is currently in a process of political decentralization shifting responsibility for and administration of rural water supplies from the national to the communal level. Appropriate indicators are needed for monitoring and analyzing the progress of the water sector for each community.

  8. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 2009
    Uganda, Eastern Africa

    Uganda's economy remains heavily dependent on the agricultural sector. In 2008/09, the agricultural sector contributed 90 percent of total export earnings, generated 23.7 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and directly or indirectly provided livelihoods for about 90 percent of the population (MFPED, 2009). However, most of the agricultural production is by small-scale subsistence farmers who use rudimentary technology and are largely engaged in non-market production.

  9. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 2011
    Eastern Africa, Africa, Ethiopia

    Ethiopia remains one of the least-developed countries in the world: 50 percent of the population lives in abject poverty, and average life expectancy is only 43 years. Agriculture-the main sector of the Ethiopian economy-employs about 80 percent of the population and is dominated by small-scale, mixed crop and livestock production with very low productivity, which can be attributed to obsolete farming techniques; soil degradation caused by overgrazing and deforestation; poor complementary services, such as extension, credit, markets, and infrastructure; and frequent droughts and floods.

  10. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 2006
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa, Kenya, Uganda

    As population density increases and agriculture intensifies in Africa in the future, policymakers, development practitioners, and farmers may
    find useful lessons in the experiences of the East African high-lands. The highlands of Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda face complex problems of severe poverty, low productivity, and poor natural resource management. These highlands contain some of the most densely populated areas in all of Africa.

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