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Showing items 1 through 9 of 15855.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2006
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa, Kenya, Uganda

    Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world, and its population of more than 70 million people lives mostly in the highlands. The food security of these people is threatened by land degradation and droughts that cause declining and highly variable land productivity. Changes in the global climate may also have caused an increase in the incidence of drought that has occurred recently in areas that were not affected by the earlier droughts.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2006
    Uganda, Eastern Africa

    Under the regimes of Idi Amin (1971–79) and Milton Obote (1980–85), Uganda’s economy plunged into a prolonged crisis with negative real growth rates of GDP (Baffoe 2000). In 1987, under Yoweri Musevini, the Ugandan government introduced an economic recovery program in cooperation with the IMF and the World Bank, aiming at market liberalization, privatization, and de-centralization.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 1996
    Burkina Faso, Africa

    This paper introduces a modeling method which simulates a village's response to population and market pressure. The method combines a linear programming model with a biophysical model of soil condition and plant growth. The linear programming model simulates farmers' plans aggregated at the village level, and the biophysical model predicts yields and land degradation for different land use and cropping patterns. The method has been calibrated for two villages located in a semi-arid and a sub-humid savanna region in Burkina Faso in West Africa.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 1995
    Southern Asia, Africa, Tanzania, Bangladesh, Botswana, China, India, Niger, Zimbabwe

    "Rapid expansion of employment in low-income countries is one of the biggest challenges of development. The growth in labor supply in developing countries will remain large for a long time to come. Incomes of the poor in rural areas will depend more and more on productive off-farm work, and in the rapidly expanding urban areas, food security will depend largely on jobs and wage rates"--P. xiii.

  5. Library Resource
    January, 2015

    Apesar de ser amplamente reconhecido que a segurança da posse de terras é uma parte integrante da intensificação agrícola, não existe um regime de direitos de propriedades único, claramente definido e universalmente aplicável com essa finalidade. Os países que procuram o desenvolvimento económico e a segurança alimentar através da intensificação agrícola têm de utilizar estratégias de governo de terras que se enquadrem nos seus respetivos contextos.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2006
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa, Kenya, Uganda

    Many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa suffer from problems related to poverty, natural resource degradation, and the complex interactions between these phenomena (Cleaver and Schreiber 1994). In the northern Ethiopian highlands of Tigray region, problems of poverty and degradation are extremely severe: population density is very high, rainfall is scarce and erratic, and soil fertility is low. Under such conditions, farmers need to rely on external inputs and soil conservation practices in order to stabilize or increase yields.

  7. Library Resource
    January, 2014
    Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Asia, Bangladesh, Kenya, Mali

    This policy note summarizes the findings of two literature reviews on the gender-differentiated impacts of climate change and the scope for community-based adaptation. It also outlines the framework used to guide these analyses and the other papers summarized in this series.

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2014

    This report presents results of the 2012 Annual Trends and Outlook for Malawi (ATOR). This is the first ATOR for Malawi. The study was carried out as part of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Monitoring and Evaluation for the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) Survey. The study mainly adopted a quantitative approach. A standard structured questionnaire 1 was used to collect data on several indicators around the six broad areas.

  9. Library Resource
    January, 2009
    Eastern Africa

    How does information about a suspected outbreak of avian influenza on the farm level reach the respective authorities? How and through which actors is the response to a confirmed outbreak implemented on the ground? These were the guiding questions for representatives of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture, poultry producers and traders and the research sector, to map out the information and response networks concerning Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Ethiopia.

  10. Library Resource
    January, 2010
    Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa

    In this discussion paper, we explore the policy environment related to rural-urban linkages and migration in Ethiopia, and analyze how the policies are impacting rural transformation. Section 2 describes conceptual issues and the theoretical framework that establishes the connection between RULs, rural-urban migration, and rural transformation. Section 3 outlines the policy landscape pertaining specifically to land and labor in Ethiopia, and analyzes the impact these policies have on migration behavior and rural transformation.

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