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Showing items 1 through 9 of 16049.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2009
    Nigeria, Africa

    Malnutrition rates among children 0-36 months and women of reproductive age in Nigeria are high and vary significantly across rural-urban locations, geopolitical regions, and agroecological zones, constituting a significant public health challenge. Using National Demographic Health Survey (NDHS) 2003 data, we sought to understand better what the determinants of child and maternal nutrition are and whether they differ significantly in terms of their nature, levels, and effects across these domains.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2014
    Eastern Africa

    Book chapter

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2008
    Uganda, Eastern Africa

    "Over the past two decades, Uganda has experienced strong economic growth. However, agriculture has not performed as well as the rest of the economy in recent years, and while the incidence of poverty has declined, it is still substantially higher in rural rather than urban areas.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2006
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa, Kenya, Uganda

    Land degradation is a severe problem in the densely populated highlands of East Africa and elsewhere on the African continent. Soil erosion resulting from cultivation on steeply sloping terrain, mining of soil fertility due to continuous cultivation with limited application of inorganic or organic sources of soil nutrients, and deforestation and overgrazing of rangelands are among the key factors causing low agricultural productivity, widespread poverty, and food insecurity in the region.

  5. Library Resource
    January, 2000
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

    This paper develops and applies a new approach for analyzing the spatial aspects of individual adoption of a technology that produces a mixed public-private good. The technology is an animal insecticide treatment called a “pouron” that individual households buy and apply to their animals. Private benefits accrue to households whose animals are treated, while the public benefits accrue to all those who own animals within an area of effective suppression. A model of household demand for pourons is presented.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2009
    Uganda, Eastern Africa

    "Uganda has experienced rapid economic growth and poverty reduction over the past decade but has failed to significantly improve incomes in its northern regions where prolonged conflict has hindered growth. We consider three strategies to close this regional divide: (1) develop a north-south corridor to encourage regional trade, (2) accelerate growth in the southern capital city and encourage north-south migration, and (3) improve agricultural productivity in rural areas.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2006
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa, Kenya, Uganda

    This book includes a series of studies of income strategies, land use, and agricultural dynamics and their impacts on welfare and natural resources in the highlands of Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda. There are several reasons for focusing on the highlands. First, the complex problems of severe poverty, low productivity, and poor natural resource management seem to be the rule rather than the exception. This is critical because the highlands support the majority of rural populations in the region. Second, within the highlands are some of the most densely populated areas in all of Africa.

  8. Library Resource
    January, 2000
    Ethiopia, Eastern Africa

    The objectives of this workshop were to familiarize key policy makers and other stakeholders in Ethiopia with the objectives and activities of the project; review the progress and findings of the project so far; and consider key policy issues affecting the prospects for sustainable land management in the highlands of Ethiopia.

  9. Library Resource
    January, 2013
    Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa

    We study the value chain of teff, Ethiopia’s most important staple food crop by area and value. Based on large-scale primary surveys, we find significant changes in the last decade. First, there is increasing adoption of modern inputs (chemical fertilizer, improved varieties, and herbicides) by farmers, especially by those living close to urban centers. Second, quality demands are rising and there are important shifts from the cheap red varieties to the more expensive white ones.

  10. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2009
    South Africa

    This paper analyzes the vulnerability of South African farmers to climate change and variability by developing a vulnerability index and comparing vulnerability indicators across the nine provinces of the country. Nineteen environmental and socio-economic indicators are identified to reflect the three components of vulnerability: exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. The results of the study show that the region’s most vulnerable to climate change and variability also have a higher capacity to adapt to climate change.

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