This issue of Caravan showcases some of ICARDA’s efforts of coping with climate change in dry areas with improved water land management and resilient production systems. These include initiatives in conservation agriculture which provide sustained production levels while conserving the ecosystems on which our entire food system is dependent upon. ICARDA continues to make significant contributions in the promotion of sustainable water land management approaches and technologies devised by researchers and farmers.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2015Egypt, Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Morocco, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Central Asia, Western Asia
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsMarch, 2014Iran, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Central Asia, Western Asia
MENA’s permanent cropland – currently at less than 6% of the total land area – is shrinking due to serious land degradation and recurrent droughts. The region faces the most severe water shortage in the world with annual renewable water resources per capita estimated to decline from 1,045 m3/yr in 1997 to 740 m3/yr in 2015.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksOctober, 2011Jordan, Western Asia
Rainwater harvesting in micro-catchments such as contour ridges and semicircular bunds is an option for utilizing the limited rainfall, improving productivity and combating land degradation in dry rangeland areas (Badia). However, implementation of this practice using manual labor or traditional machinery is slow, tedious and costly, and often impractical on a large scale. These limitations can be overcome using the ‘Vallerani’ plow for quickly constructing continuous and intermittent ridges.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2015Jordan, Western Asia
Jordanian rangelands are a source of valued
livestock produce, carbon storage, biodiversity, and
medicinal plants. They also serve as watersheds
that receive rainfall, yield surface water, and
replenish groundwater throughout the area
east and south of the western Jordan highlands.
Appropriate land management, which is currently
lacking, can protect and maximize these services
for society. With the acceleration of desertification,
land degradation and drought during the twentyfirst
century in the arid and semi-arid regions of
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2015Jordan, Western Asia
The University of Tennessee’s Dept. of Geography in collaboration with ICARDA, ILRI, USDA-ARS, and Cornell University’s Dept. of Natural Resources collected TLS data in the cold desert shrub-steppe ecosystem of the East Bank Plateau of Amman, Jordan and in mixed Acacia-Commiphora woodlands of Borana Plateau in southern Ethiopia. ICARDA and ILRI maintain these research sites and conduct field studies in Jordan and Ethiopia, respectively. The study plots are the size of a Landsat pixel (30-m X 30-m) to link local scale TLS to regional scale satellite imagery.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2009Lebanon, Western Asia
Lebanon is ICARDA’s second host country and the country that witnessed the launch of the center in the mid-1970s through the ALAD program of the Ford Foundation. This process culminated in 1977 with a host country agreement signed with the Government of Lebanon in 1977, which established ICARDA here as an International Center.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2011Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia
Agriculture in Syria depends on a wide base of varied natural resources extending over five agro-ecological zones differing in total precipitation, soil structure, and water resources such as rivers, springs, dams, and groundwater which supplies water for about 851,000 ha (61% of the total irrigated areas). However, precipitation is considered as the main source of the water needed to establish the widespread rainfed system of agriculture, which occupies 70% of the cultivated area in Syria.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2006Jordan, Western Asia
This report describes the use of improved methodologies developed for identifying water-harvesting sites. It also provides general guidelines for determining site potential in relation to various parameters. The approach integrates multi-disciplinary knowledge, use of GIS, and verification in the field to develop and test a methodology to identify watersheds with specific characteristics – in this case, watersheds most suited to project activities within the Jordanian Badia.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsOctober, 2017Afghanistan, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Central Asia, Western Asia
To help break the cycle of poverty, improve food and nutritional security, halt or reverse the alarming process of resource degradation in the dry areas, and help communities adapt to the impacts of climate variability and change, ICARDA’s Strategic Plan 2017-2026 outlines our research and organizational approach for action to achieve our vision of thriving and resilient communities in the dry areas of the developing world.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsJanuary, 2005Yemen, Western Asia
The threat that the degradation of terraces in the highlands of Yemen poses to the livelihood of rural households and to national economic development has been widely recognized. The aim of this study was to contribute to the development of policy recommendations for the improvement of the life of rural families in the Yemeni mountains. Three small mountain watersheds (200-700 ha) in the northern, middle and southern mountain regions of Yemen were selected as the testing grounds for this study.
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