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Showing items 1 through 9 of 151.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    April, 2016
    Sub-Saharan Africa

    Pastoral populations of sub-Saharan Africa are particularly vulnerable to losses in wealth and productive assets via herdmortality shocks. Although conventional insurance mechanisms covering individual losses are not cost effective in low income extensive grazing pastoral communities, index insurance for livestock offers a promising alternative.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    July, 2016
    Burkina Faso, Mali, Africa, Western Africa

    The livestock sector is one of the major contributors in agriculture, by some estimates

    contributing up to 18% of the global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Of this, about one

    third is reported to be due to land use change associated with livestock production, another

    one third is nitrous oxide from manure and slurry management, and roughly 25% is attributed

    to methane emissions from ruminant digestion. Recent analysis suggests that developing

    world regions contribute about two thirds of the global emissions from ruminants, with sub-

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2016

    Biological treatment, composting, in particular, is a relatively simple, durable and inexpensive alternative for stabilizing and reducing biodegradable waste. Co-composting of different waste sources allows to enhance the compost nutrient value. In particular, integration of ‘biosolids’ from the sanitation sector as potential input material for co-composting would provide a solution for the much needed treatment of fecal sludge from on-site sanitation systems, and make use of its high nutrient content.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2016

    As in other cities of Sri Lanka, solid waste management has been a key problem in and concern for Balangoda Urban Council. Waste accumulations in the city have caused many problems, including unpleasant odours, contamination of water bodies, and contamination of paddy fields, giving rise to epidemic diseases such as Salmonella, typhoid fever, and diarrhoea. A Balangoda compost plant has been set up to process municipal solid waste into compost. The project started in 1999 as a city service to provide a solution to the solid waste problem, but converted into a business in later years.

  5. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2016

    The Crop Ontology (CO, is a resource of the Integrated Breeding Platform (IBP, providing breeders with crop specific terms for fieldbook edition and data annotation. Until Mai 2015, a plant phenotype was annotated with 3 CO identifiers for the trait, the method and the scale, respectively. Yet, breeders’ fieldbook and most phenotypic databases are designed to annotate a datapoint with only one identifier.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2016

    Recovering energy from waste offers dual benefits – a) improved waste management, and b) provision of reliable energy to households, institutions and commercial entities. In this report, we present a socioeconomic assessment of three energy business models (briquette manufacturing, on-site (public toilet) energy generation, and agro-waste electricity generation) based on feasibility studies carried out in the city of Kampala, Uganda.

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2016

    By altering evapotranspiration and influencing how water is routed and stored in a basin, natural and agrarian ecosystems affect river flow. To quantify the impact of ecosystems on streamflow in two large river basins in Asia and Africa, simple statistical relationships were calculated, enabling flow characteristics to be ascertained from basic catchment features. This approach allows the impact of specified land-use change on streamflow to be determined.

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