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Showing items 1 through 9 of 547.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    September, 2006

    In Rwanda, two factors make land a highly important and contested issue. First,
    Rwanda has the highest person-to-land ratio in Africa. This creates tremendous
    pressure on land in a country where most of the population lives in rural areas, and
    where agriculture remains the central economic activity. Second, Rwanda is recovering
    from massive population shifts caused by decades of ethnic strife and the 1994 civil war
    and genocide, which resulted in displaced populations and overlapping land claims.

  2. Library Resource
    June, 2005

    This case study, based on interviews in Rwanda and an extensive review of secondary material, builds on previous analysis, and examines proposed land reforms as articulated in the National Land Policy. However, it does not attempt to be a comprehensive review of the land policy – more in-depth studies have already been conducted. Instead, it situates the policy and the process involved within the wider debates about governance and conflict resolution in the country.

  3. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    August, 2012

    This brief discusses a pilot intervention in Rwanda led by the Belgian
    NGO, RCN Justice & Démocratie, with support from the International
    Development Law Organization (IDLO) and the Belgian Government. A
    more detailed and complete discussion of the pilot is given in Lankhorst
    and Veldman (2011a). The pilot aimed to transform the customary
    resolution of disputes involving women’s land claims concerning
    inheritance or marital relations. The intervention examined whether
    and to what extent it was possible to increase the scope for acceptance

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2009

    Female-headed households often experience inequalities in access to resources and income-generating opportunities. Conflicts may make women poorer. But it is important to realise that conflicts also offer an opportunity for change in which gender stereotypes shift and gender roles and identities can be renegotiated. Did genocide and civil war in Rwanda lead to new opportunities for rural women?

  5. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    February, 1998

    Looks at property rights and returnees, the situation of women in relation to property rights, consequences of women’s lack of access to land, initiatives taken by national authorities to improve women’s property rights, and initiatives taken by UNHCR.

  6. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2000

    Le retour des réfugiés de 1959, la politique de regroupement de l'habitat adoptée en
    1996, la disette qui frappe le pays depuis 1999, la faible pluviosité qui prévaut dans le
    pays depuis deux ans après le phénomène el nino, conduisent à une prise de
    conscience nouvelle de ce qu'il faut appeler la question foncière, de ses relations
    avec la production agricole dans le cadre de l'option de sécurité alimentaire. Les
    conditions dans lesquelles la problématique foncière s'est progressivement imposée

  7. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    March, 2014

    The aim of this policy brief is to describe current and historical conflicts over rights to land and natural resources within and surrounding protected areas in Rwanda. We examine the roots of contested claims between citizens and the State and offer some potential avenues for resolving these conflicts in ways that consider both the priorities of the Government of Rwanda and the rights of local communities that depend on protected area resources.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2016
    Sierra Leone

    Sierra Leone is one of the least developed countries in the world and is still recovering from a civil war that ended in 2002. Increasingly, the Sierra Leonean government seeks to attract foreign investors through providing opportunities for large-scale land leases for the development of agribusiness. This has triggered a rapid transformation process that poses a considerable threat to food security and social stability. Despite being a pilot country for the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure, there is no real change on the ground as yet.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    November, 2014
    Africa, South Africa

    Pastoralism – the predominant form of livestock keeping in the Horn of Africa – has always been a source of disputes and tensions in the region. So it is maybe no coincidence that precisely those countries with the largest cattle and camel herds should be the ones that have been suffering from prolonged armed conflict for years. This article takes a look at the closely interwoven aspects influencing conflicts in the Horn of Africa in general and South Sudan more specifically.

  10. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2013
    South Sudan

    Despite good potential for food production, South Sudan’s agriculture is not feeding its population. The impacts of decades of armed conflict are posing enormous challenges for the sector. Farmer Field Schools seem to be a promising instrument to improve food security and livelihoods of small-scale farmers in the country.

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