Palm oil production is currently the focus of much contentious debate. On the one hand, palm oil production has a substantial, positive (socio-) economic impact in countries which produce it, like Indonesia, and is a powerful engine of rural development. On the other hand, palm oil production has a severe negative impact regarding ecological and social sustainability. This is due above all to its large carbon footprint, reduced biodiversity, and its potential for triggering land rights conflicts.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2012United States of America, Indonesia
Land Use Policy Volume 78Peer-reviewed publicationNovember, 2018Indonesia, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Rwanda, United States of America
Economists argue that land rent taxation is an ideal form of taxation as it causes no deadweight losses. Nevertheless, pure land rent taxation is rarely applied. This paper revisits the case of land taxation for developing countries. We first provide an up-to-date review on land taxation in development countries, including feasibility and implementation challenges. We then simulate land tax reforms for Rwanda, Peru, Nicaragua and Indonesia, based on household surveys.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsDecember, 2011Chile, Colombia, Japan, Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Singapore, Tajikistan
This guideline jointly published by The UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), and the UN Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT), in partnership with the Urban Design Lab of the Earth Institute, Columbia University, provides practical tools for city planners and decision makers to reform urban planning and infrastructure design according to the principles of eco-efficiency and social inclusiveness.
Volume 10 Issue 2Peer-reviewed publicationFebruary, 2021Central African Republic, China, Ethiopia, Russia, Rwanda, United States of America, Vietnam, Asia
This paper reviews experiences and development impacts of a selected number of developing countries in Asia and Africa that have used emerging land registration approaches to rapidly secure land rights at scale. Rapid and scalable registration is essential to eliminate a major backlog of the world’s unregistered land, which stands at about 70 percent. The objective of the review, based on secondary data, is to draw lessons that can help accelerate land registration across many countries.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2018Egypt, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Southern Africa, South Africa, Nigeria, Mexico, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, United States of America, Japan, Philippines, Iran, Nepal
Agriculture influences and shapes the world’s ecosystems, but not always in a positive way. More than 2.5 billion people are globally involved as stewards of land and water ecosystems that constitute the natural resource base for feeding the current and future world population. Yet, conventional agronomic interventions based on ‘hard’ agricultural engineering compromise various eco-services that are required for sustainable agricultural development.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMarch, 2021Brazil, China, Indonesia, India, Mexico, South Africa, Southern Africa
Today, the Coalition for Urban Transitions releases a new report ‘Seizing the Urban Opportunity’, which provides insights from six emerging economies on how national governments can recover from COVID-19, tackle the climate crisis and secure shared prosperity through cities. Launching as a call to action for national governments ahead of COP26 in Glasgow, it builds on the Coalition’s flagship 2019 report: Climate Emergency, Urban Opportunity.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2020Guatemala, Nigeria, Rwanda, Vietnam
Investments that reduce food loss and waste can deliver big wins on two pressing issues of our time: food security and environmental sustainability, according to a new World Bank report. But the results are not automatic -- countries need well-targeted solutions.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2019Mexico, Peru, Philippines, Vietnam, South Africa, Southern Africa
A new report developed by GIZ highlights success factors and 7 practical entry points for mainstreaming Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) into policies and planning, based on 16 case studies from Mexico, Peru, South Africa, Philippines and Viet Nam in the following contexts:
1. National climate change policies (NDC, NAP)
2. National public investment allocation and project screening
3. Sectoral adaptation plans (water resources, protected areas, disaster risk reduction)
4. Land-use planning (spatial planning & landscape management)
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2019Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Cape Verde, Antigua and Barbuda, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Belize, Guyana, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Papua New Guinea, Samoa
Land degradation exacerbates the unique vulnerabilities of Small Island Developing States (SIDS) to environmental challenges, such as climate change, flash floods, soil erosion, lagoon siltation, coastal erosion and sea level rise, undermining their economic potential. Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) contributes to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in SIDS, preserving biodiversity and increasing resilience to climate change. Land degradation has a strong negative impact on climate-sensitive sectors like agriculture, water resources management and coastal zone management.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJuly, 2016Norway, Thailand, United States of America
The author develops a theoretical framework to guide empirical analysis of how land registration affects financial development and economic growth. Most conceptual approaches investigate the effects of land registration on only one sector, nut land registration is commonly observed to affect not only other sectors but the economy as a whole. The author builds on the well-tested link between secure land ownership and farm productivity, adding to the framework theory about positive information and transaction costs.
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