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Showing items 1 through 9 of 59.
  1. Library Resource
    ouvrage.PNG
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2017
    Western Africa

    Date: Septembre 2017


    Source: Foncier & Développement


    Par: Frédéric Bazin, Ibrahima Hathie, Jamie Skinner, Jérôme Koundouno


    Ce nouveau rapport GWI synthétise les résultats de quatre années de recherches sur trois barrages et périmètres rizicoles existants : Sélingué au Mali, Bagré au Burkina Faso et Anambé au Sénégal.


  2. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2017
    Tanzania

    Land-use conflict is not a new phenomenon for pastoralists and farmers in Tanzania with murders, the killing of livestock and the loss of property as a consequence of this conflict featuring in the news for many years now. Various actors, including civil society organisations, have tried to address farmer–pastoralist conflict through mass education programmes, land-use planning, policy reforms and the development of community institutions. However, these efforts have not succeeded in the conflict. Elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa traditional systems are not making much headway either.

  3. Library Resource

    Opportunities and Challenges for Communities

    Journal Articles & Books
    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2018
    Kenya

    Kenya is the most recent African state to acknowledge customary tenure as producing lawful property rights, not merely rights of occupation and use on government or public lands. This paper researches this new legal environment. This promises land security for 6 to 10 million Kenyans, most of who are members of pastoral or other poorer rural communities. Analysis is prefaced with substantial background on legal trends continentally, but the focus is on Kenya’s Community Land Act, 2016, as the framework through which customary holdings are to be identified and registered.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2017
    Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Africa, Southern Africa

    In developing regions with high levels of poverty and a dependence on climate sensitive agriculture, studies focusing on climate change adaptation, planning, and policy processes, have gained relative importance over the years. This study assesses the impact of farmer perceptions regarding climate change on the use of sustainable agricultural practices as an adaptation strategy in the Chinyanja Triangle, Southern Africa.

  5. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    March, 2017
    Eastern Africa, Tanzania, Southern Africa

    In pastoral societies women face many challenges. Some describe these as a ‘double burden’ – that is, as pastoralists and as women. However, pastoral women may obtain a significant degree of protection from customary law even if customary institutions are male-dominated. In periods of change (economic, social, political), this protection may be lost, and without protection from statutory laws, women are in danger of “falling between two stools” (Adoko and Levine 2009).

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    March, 2017
    Sub-Saharan Africa

    Sustainable intensification (SI) is at the forefront of food security discussions as a means to meet the growing demand for agricultural production while conserving land and other resources. A broader definition of SI is emerging that takes into account the human condition, nutrition and social equity. Next steps require identification of indicators and associated metrics, to track progress, assess tradeoffs and identify synergies. Through a systematic, qualitative review of the literature we identified SI indicators, with a primary focus on African smallholder farming systems.

  7. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    March, 2017
    Cameroon, Africa, Western Africa

    In Cameroon, rangelands occupy about 20 % of surface area; provide critical habitat to many animal and

    plant species; offer many vital goods and services to society and are home to pastoralists, agropastoralists,

    crop farmers, fishermen and hunter-gatherers, who for centuries co-existed peacefully. In

    recent years this harmony is being threatened by changing land use patterns, poor land use planning and

    poor recognition of ownership rights. Despite efforts by state and non-state actors to improve pastoral

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    April, 2017
    Burkina Faso, Africa, Western Africa

    The fire severity of the 2013–2014 fire season within Sudanian ecosystems in Burkina Faso was evaluated from Landsat 8 images using derivatives of the Normalized Burn Ratio algorithm (NBR). The relationship between the image-derived severity and the field observed severity i.e. Composite Burn Index (CBI) was best described by a nonlinear model of the form y = a + b*EXP(CBI *c) (R2 = 0.66). Classification of the image-derived burned area into burn severity classes achieved a classification Kappa accuracy statistic of 0.56.

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